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中英文翻译--中国模具的发展趋势.doc

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中英文翻译--中国模具的发展趋势.doc

ThedevelopmenttrendofChinaMoldInmodernproduction,thelifeofagrowingnumberofproducts,particularlyplasticsandavarietyofpanelproductssuchaslargescalestructureofmorecomplexshapes,singleusedrawingsanddetailedthatitishardfortherighttoexpresstheshapeandstructureofproducts,whichrequiresthedesignandmanufacturemoldsmustdocumentdescribestheuseofcomputeraideddesigntooldiemakeratthesametimetherequirementstobeafullgraspofthevariousinformationproducts,includingproductshape,size,materialproperties,accuracy,specialsurfaceeffects.Someproductsneedcustomersinkindormodel.Atpresent,Chinasindustrialproductionischaracterizedbyadiversityofproducts,replacementfast,intensemarketcompetition.Inthiscase,usersofmoldpartsoftherequestisofgoodqualityanddeliverytimeasshortaspossible,thebetterprecisionmolds,moldcellthelowerthebetter,thus,themanufactureofmodernplasticmoldwiththecurrenteconomicdevelopmentandmeettheaboverequirements.Therapiddevelopmentofindustrialeconomyalsocontributedtothedevelopmentofmoldindustry,especiallyautomotivelightweight,environmentalprotectionanddevelopmentneedsrequiremoreandmoreplasticproductsappliedtothecar.Nowfiercecompetitionfromtheautomotiveindustry,hasgreatlyacceleratedtheintroductionofnewmodels,andisthemostfrequentreplacementofautomotiveinteriorparts,exteriorparts.Automotiveinteriorparts,exteriorpartsaremainlyontheproductionofplasticmoldsofthe.Infact,newproducts,competitioniscompetitiontime,andtimeofthecompetitionfocusedonthedesignandmanufactureofmoldson.TherapiddevelopmentofChinasnationaleconomytothemoldindustryhaseverincreasingdemands,andisprojectedto2005,onlytheautomotiveindustrywillneedavarietyof360,000tonsofplasticpartsrefrigerators,washingmachinesandairconditioningaretheannualoutputofmorethan10millionTaiwantheannualoutputofcolorTVsetshavebeenmorethan30millionTaiwan.By2010,intheconstructionindustryandbuildingmaterials,plasticwindowsanddoorsofapenetrationrateof30,plasticpipewillreach50percentpenetrationrate,whichwillgreatlyincreasethedemandonthemold.Inrecentyears,Chinasmoldindustryhasbeenaround13percentayeargrowthrateofrapiddevelopment.ItispredictedthatChinasmoldindustryintheTenthFiveYearperiodthegrowthratewillreach1315.Diesteeldemandwillbe12perannumrate,thenationalannualdemandofabout700,000tons,whiledomesticspeciesdiesteeldiesteelabroadonlyexistingspeciesof60,theannualimportofabout60,000diesteeltons.ImportsaccountforaboutayeardieinChinamarket,about20ofthetotalhasmorethan1billionU.S.dollars,ofwhichplasticsandrubbermoldofthetotalimportsofmorethan50diestampingdiemoldthetotalimportsofabout40.Atpresent,theworldsannualoutputofaboutmold65billionU.S.dollars,theoutputvalueofChinasmoldindustryintheinternationalrankingthirdafterJapanandtheUnitedStates.Althoughinrecentyears,Chinastechnologicallevelofmoldindustryhasmadegreatprogress,butasawholedevelopedandindustrialcountriesstillhavelargegaps.Atpresent,Chinasmoldindustryisimperativetospeeduptechnologicalprogress,adjustproductmix,increasetheproportionofhighgradedie,throughtheeffectivedemandforqualitytoimprovethelevelofthehomemademoldstoreducedependenceonimportedmolds.MoldthefutureofourindustryandtechnologywillbethemaindirectionofdevelopmentVigorouslypromotingthewiderapplicationofCAD/CAE/CAMtechnology,integratedgradually.Moderndesignandmanufactureofmoldsshouldbeemphasizednotonlytheintegrationofinformation,butitshouldbeemphasizedthattechnology,integrationandmanagement.Improvelargescale,precision,complexmoldswithlonglifedesignandmanufacturingtechnology,tograduallyreducetheimporttooltoincreasethevolumeofexportsmold.Intheplasticinjectionmold,thepositiveapplicationofhotrunner,thepromotionofgasassistedorwaterassistedinjectionmolding,aswellasthehighpressureinjectionmoldingtechnologiestomeettheneedsoftheproductforming.Toimprovethestandardizationofthelevelofmoldandmoldstandardpartsusage.Diediestandardpartsisthebasisforalargenumberofapplicationscanbeshorteneditsdesignandmanufactureofdiecycle,butalsosignificantlyimprovethemanufactureofprecisionmoldsanduseofperformance,greatlyenhancethequalityofmold.Commercializationofourmolds,standardizedratesarelessthan30,whiledevelopedcountriesare70percenthigherthanayearwehaveimportedfromaconsiderablenumberofmoldstandardparts,thecostofmoldyearimportsaccountedforabout38.Thedevelopmentofrapidmanufacturingandrapidprototypingtocreatemolds,thatis,rapidprototypingmanufacturingtechnology,torapidlycreateaprototypeproductwiththemoldandreducecosts.moldpolishingtechnology,equipmentandmaterialstomeettheneedsofspecialproducts.Promotetheuseofhighspeedmilling,processingandultraprecisionprocessingtechnologyandthecomplexityoftechnology,tomeettheneedsofmold.Moldmaterialsandthedevelopmentofhighqualitysurfacetreatmentofadvancedtechnologytoimprovethereliabilityofmold.Researchandapplicationofhighspeedmeasurementtool,reverseengineeringandconcurrentengineering,tomaximizethedevelopmentofmoldandthesuccessrateofefficiency.Developmentofnewmoldingprocessandmold,inordertomeetfuturemultidisciplinary,multifunctionalintegratedproductdevelopmentanddesigntechnology.Withthecomputersoftwaredevelopmentandprogress,CAD/CAE/CAMtechnologyisbecomingmoremature,anditsmodernapplicationintheplasticmoldwillbecomemoreandmorewidely.Thistechnologyalsocontributedtothemodernplasticmoldindustry,whichnotonlyreducestheplasticmolddesignandmanufacturingcycle,butalsoimprovethesuccessrateofproductdevelopmentandincreasethevalueofplasticmoldandmarketcompetitiveness.Canbeexpectedthatthenearfuture,machinetoolmanufacturingindustryfromthemanufacturingindustrytoseparate,andindependentnationaleconomyhasbecomeanindispensablepillarindustries,atthesametime,butalsofurtherpromotetheintegratedmoldmanufacturingtechnology,intelligence,benefitpeopleandefficientdirection.JointheWTO,economicglobalizationsothatcompetitionamongenterprisesofthelocalcompetitionfromthepastintoaglobalcompetitionbetweenthesameindustry,tradebetweenthemutualpenetration,anincreasinglycompetitive.Inordertoadapttorapidlychangingmarketdemands,businessesmustbebasedonthefastestspeed,bestquality,lowestcost,bestservice,tomeettheneedsofdifferentusers,andthecompetitivenessofthemanufacturingsector,especiallymold.CAD/CAE/CAMintegrationtechnologythatemergedinthiscasethe.Ithasbecomeamodernplasticmoldmanufacturingtechnologyoftheinevitabletrendofdevelopment.Andtoscientificandrationalapproachtotheplasticmoldmakerwithawellestablishedtool.Makingplasticmoldmakerinthemoldthroughtheuseofcomputersbeforethemanufactureofparts,toolingstructure,processing,andcosttomodifyandoptimizerepeateduntilthebestresults.Inshort,CAD/CAE/CAMtechnologycansignificantlyshortenthedesignandmanufactureofplasticmoldoftime,reducingthecostofplasticmoldandimprovethequalityofparts,plasticmoldmanufactureofmodernanindispensabletool,itisreverseengineeringandmodernprocessingequipmentwithmodernplasticmoldmanufacturinginacompetitiveandpopularofthenecessaryconditions.中国模具的发展趋势现代生产、生活中越来越多的产品特别是各种塑料制品及大型覆盖件等产品形状结构比较复杂,单使用图纸已很难正确和详尽地表达产品的形状和结构,这就要求模具设计制造者必须使用计算机辅助设计文件描述的手段,同时要求模具制造者必须充分掌握产品的各种资料,包括产品的形状、尺寸、原料的特性、精度要求、特殊表面效果等。有些产品还需客户提实物或模型。当前,我国工业生产的特点是产品品种多,更新换代快,市场竞争激烈。在这情况下,用户对模具制造的要求是制件质量好,交货期越短越好,模具精度越高越好,模具格越低越好,由此,现代塑料模具的制造应与当前经济发展的形势及以上要求相适应。工业经济的飞速发展也推动了模具工业的发展,特别是汽车轻量化、环保化发展的需求,要求越来越多的塑料类产品应用到汽车上。现在汽车行业的激烈竞争,已大大加快了各种新车型的推出,而更换最频繁的就是汽车内饰件、外饰件。汽车上的内饰件、外饰件则主要是靠塑料类模具来生产的。其实新产品的竞争就是时间的竞争,而时间的竞争主要集中在模具的设计与制造上。我国国民经济的高速发展对模具工业提出了越来越高的要求,预计到2005年,仅汽车行业将需要各种塑料制件36万吨电冰箱、洗衣机和空调的年产量均超过1000万台彩电的年产量已超过3000万台。到2010年,在建筑与建材行业方面,塑料门窗的普及率为30,塑料管的普及率将达到50,这些都会大大增大对模具的需求量。近年来,我国的模具工业一直以每年13左右的增长速度快速发展。据预测,我国模具行业在十五期间的增长速度将达到1315。模具钢的需求量也将以每年12的速度递增,全国年需求量约70万吨左右,而国产模具钢的品种只占现有国外模具钢品种的60,每年进口模具钢约6万吨。我国每年进口模具约占市场总量的20左右,已超过10亿美元,其中塑料与橡胶模具占全部进口模具的50以上冲压模具占全部进口模具约40。目前,全世界模具的年产值约为650亿美元,我国模具工业的产值在国际上排名位居第三位,仅次于日本和美国。虽然近几年来,我国模具工业的技术水平已取得了很大的进步,但总体上与工业发达的国家相比仍有较大的差距。目前,我国模具工业的当务之急是加快技术进步,调整产品结构,增加高档模具的比重,通过求品质来求效益,提高模具的国产化程度,减少对进口模具的依赖。未来我国模具工业和技术的主要发展方向将是大力普及、广泛应用CAD/CAE/CAM技术,逐步走向集成化。现代模具设计制造不仅应强调信息的集成,更应该强调技术、人和管理的集成。提高大型、精密、复杂与长寿命模具的设计与制造技术,逐步减少模具的进口量,增加模具的出口量。在塑料注射成型模具中,积极应用热流道,推广气辅或水辅注射成型,以及高压注

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