英语论文 浅谈中西饮食文化的差异.doc英语论文 浅谈中西饮食文化的差异.doc

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论文写作指导、各类文案代写QQ625880526ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSHEREANDNOW,IWOULDLIKETOEXTENDMYSINCERETHANKSTOALLTHOSEWHOHAVEHELPEDMEMAKETHISTHESISPOSSIBLEANDBETTERFIRSTLY,IAMDEEPLYGRATEFULTOMYHONORABLESUPERVISOR,GEXIAOXIA,WHOHASCHECKEDTHROUGHMYTHESISWITHPATIENCEANDGIVENMEINSTRUCTIVESUGGESTIONSWITHOUTHERENLIGHTENINGINSTRUCTION,IMPRESSIVEKINDNESSANDPATIENCE,ICOULDNOTHAVECOMPLETEDMYTHESISTHENTHANKSGOESTOTHETEACHERSANDPROFESSORSWHOHAVETAUGHTMEOVERTHEPASTYEAROFSTUDYANDHAVEHELPEDMETODEVELOPTHEFUNDAMENTALANDESSENTIALACADEMICCOMPETENCEFINALLY,IAMVERYGRATEFULTOMYLOVELYFRIENDSANDCLASSMATESWHOGIVEMEVALUABLEADVICEONMYTHESISANDDISCUSSEDWITHMEABOUTMYTHESIS,ESPECIALLYMYFIVELOVELYROOMMATES作者刘洋第II页共IV页ABSTRACTDIETISABSOLUTELYNECESSARYINTHELIFEOFMANKIND,ANDEVENINTHEEXISTENCEORDEVELOPMENTBECAUSEOFTHEDIFFERENCESBETWEENCHINESEANDWESTERNCULTURALTRADITIONS,THECHINESEANDWESTERNDIETARYCULTURESAREDIFFERENTINCONCEPT,TARGET,PATTERN,ATTRIBUTIONANDNATUREWESTUDYTHESEDIFFERENCESANDTHENFINDOUTTHEPOINTSTHATCANBEDIGESTED,INORDERTOFACILITATETHECOMMUNICATIONABOUTCULTURESBETWEENCHINAANDTHEWESTTAIWANPROFESSORZHANGQIJUNSAID,“THEOLDSAYING,EAT,DRINK,MAN,WOMANWHOWISHESGREATLYFORSUCHASTANDARDFAIR,WESTERNCULTUREINPARTICULAR,MODERNAMERICANCULTURECANBESAIDTOBEMALEANDFEMALECULTUREBUTTHECHINESECULTURECANBESAIDTOBEADIETARYCULTUREASTHEREASONOFTHECULTURALTRADITIONS,THEWESTERNLIVESTENDTOMENANDWOMEN,BUTBECAUSEOFTHENARROWGENDERRELATIONS,CHINESEPEOPLEAREDUMPINGGUIDANCEONLIFEINTHERESTAURANTSTHUSTHEDIETISRICHINCULTUREFOODCULTUREINTHEWESTISNOTDEVELOPEDENOUGH,BUTTHISUNDERDEVELOPMENTITSELFISTHERESULTOFTHEDEVELOPMENTOFACULTURE,SOITISSTILLSIGNIFICANTTOSTUDYTHEDIETARYCULTURESOFCHINESEANDWESTERNDIETBYTHEANALYSISOFTHEDIFFERENCESBETWEENCHINESEANDWESTERNDIETARYCULTURES,WECANCOMPREHENDTHERESPECTIVECULTURALTRADITIONSOFCHINAANDTHEWESTANDWECANALSOIMPROVEANDCREATETHECULTUREOFCHINAKEYWORDSINTERCULTURALCOMMUNICATION;FOODDIETETICCULTURE;CULTUREDIFFERENCES作者第III页共IV页摘要饮食是人类生活、生存与发展的必需,可是由于中西方文化传统的差异,导致了中西方饮食文化在观念、对象、方式、归属与性质方面产生了差异,研究这些差异,找出可以融会贯通的地方,促进中西文化交流。台湾张起钧教授说过“古语说‘饮食男女人之大欲存焉’。就这样的标准而论,西方文化(特别是近代美国式的文化)可说是男女文化,而中国可说是一种饮食文化。”由于文化传统的缘故,西方人的人生倾向男女关系,而中国人由于对男女关系的褊狭,把人生精力倾泄导向于饮食。由此赋予饮食以丰富的文化内涵,虽然饮食文化在西方不够发达,但这种不发达本身也是一种文化发展的结果,所以对中西饮食文化的比较仍有意义。通过对中西饮食文化差异的分析,我们可以了解中西方各自的文化传统;同时能对中国文化进行改善与创新。关键词饮食文化;文化传统;差异作者刘洋第IV页共IV页CONTENTSACKNOWLEDGEMENTSIABSTRACTIICONTENTSIVINTRODUCTION1CHAPTERONECHINESEANDWESTERNFOODDIETETICCULTURE211CHARACTERISTICSOFCHINESEFOODDIETETICCULTURE212CHARACTERISTICSOFTHEWESTERNFOODDIETETICCULTURE错误未定义书签。CHAPTERTWODIFFERENCESINTHEPERFORMANCEOFCHINESEANDWESTERNFOOD错误未定义书签。21DIFFERENCESBETWEENCHINESEANDWESTERNDIETCONCEPT422DIFFERENCESBETWEENCHINESEANDWESTERNDIETOBJECTS错误未定义书签。23DIFFERENCESBETWEENCHINESEANDWESTERNDIETMANNER,TABLEWAREANDETIQUETTE624DIFFERENCESBETWEENCHINESEANDWESTERNDIETNATURE6CHAPTERTHREEREASONSFORTHEDIFFERENCESBETWEENCHINESEANDWESTERNFOODDIETETICCULTURE931THEIMPACTOFTHEGEOGRAPHICALENVIRONMENT932THEIMPACTOFTHEECONOMICSYSTEM9CHAPTERFOURCONCLUSION11REFERENCES12浅谈中西饮食文化差异作者刘洋第1页共12页INTRODUCTIONWITHTHEDEEPENINGOFTHEINTERNATIONALCOMMUNICATION,INDIFFERENTCOUNTRIESORCULTURALBACKGROUND,THECOMMUNICATIONOFPEOPLEAREINCREASINGALLTHETIME,ANDTHECOMMUNICATIONBETWEENTHEMISCALLEDINTERCULTURALCOMMUNICATIONINTERCULTURALCOMMUNICATIONSGRADUALLYBECOMESANINDISPENSABLECONTENTOFPEOPLESLIFEDUETOTHEDIFFERENCESOFREGIONAL,DIFFERENTNATIONSANDCOUNTRIESFORMDIFFERENTCULTURESPEOPLEWITHDIFFERENTCULTURALBACKGROUNDSBEHAVIORORHABITSISENDLESSANDSAME,THEYHAVETHEIRSOCIALSTATUTEORHABITS,REFLECTEDINTHEPOLITICALECONOMY,EDUCATIONRELIGION,CULTURE,ARTANDSOONAMERICAFAMOUSNEWLYCHEMICALREPRESENTATIVEFIGUREWHITEISCALLED“FATHEROFCULTUROLOGY”,HEPUTTHECULTUREASAKINDOFSPECIALANDOBJECTIVESOCIALPHENOMENON,ANDASACOMPLETESYSTEMWHITE,1949SOSPECIALLY,WHATISCULTURECHENHUAWENONCELISTSCASESTOILLUSTRATETHECONNOTATIONANDIMPORTANCEOFCULTURE;HESAID“CULTUREISLIKEAIRANDWATERTHATPERMEATESEVERYCORNEROFOURLIVES,PEOPLEAREENJOYINGTHECULTUREACHIEVEMENTSTHATWERECREATEDBYPREDECESSORSINEVERYTIME,ALSO,PEOPLEAREINVENTINGNEWCULTUREINEVERYMOMENTOURPROGRESSISTHERESULTOFTHECULTURECREATIONANDDEVELOPING”CHENHUAWEN,20012WHENPEOPLEARECOMMUNICATINGUNDERTHEDIFFERENTCULTUREBACKGROUND,THELANGUAGEANDNONLANGUAGEFACTORSWHICHINFLUENCEOFMESSAGEEFFECTAREMAKECOMMUNICATIONHENCULTUREIFFOREIGNLANGUAGELEARNERSARELACKOFKNOWLEDGEFORITSBEHAVIORANDFUNCTION,ITWILLAPPEARINAPPROPRIATEBEHAVIOR,RESULTINGINTHECOMMUNICATIONBARRIERS,ANDITISDIFFICULTFOREFFECTIVECROSSCULTURALCOMMUNICATION,ASARESULTCAUSESOFCOMMUNICATIONERRORTHEDIETISTHEFIRSTNEEDFORHUMAN’SSURVIVALANDDEVELOPMENT;ALSOITISTHEONEOFTHEBASICFORMOFSOCIALLIFEHOWEVERUNDERTHEDIFFERENTCULTURALBACKGROUND,HAVINGDIFFERENTDIETIDEAANDDIETCUSTOM,THENFINALLYFORMTHEDIFFERENTDIETCULTURELANGUAGELEARNERS,NOTONLYINCREASETHEUNDERSTANDINGOFTHETARGETLANGUAGECULTURE,BUTALSOIMPROVETHESUCCESSRATEOFINTERCULTURALCOMMUNICATION,AVOIDTHEMISUNDERSTANDINGSANDCOMMUNICATIONBARRIERSJUSTBECAUSEOFTHEINAPPROPRIATEWAYORBEHAVIORINSUNWEIXUE’SBOOKCULTUREOFAMERICA,HEONCEPOINTEDOUTANYCOUNTRYINTHEWORLDSHOULDCARRYOUTCULTURALEXCHANGESANDPUBLICITYACTIVELY,THISISNOTONLYBENEFITTOTHEIRNATIVECULTURE,BUTALSOSPREADTHECULTUREINWORLDWIDESUNWEIXUE,2004THISPAPEREXPOUNDEDFROMVARIOUSOFTHEDIFFERENCESBETWEENCHINESEANDWESTERNFOODDIETETICCULTURE,ENHANCEMUTUALUNDERSTANDINGANDFACILITATECOMMUNICATION浅谈中西饮食文化差异作者刘洋第2页共12页CHAPTERONECHINESEANDWESTERNFOODDIETETICCULTURE11CHARACTERISTICSOFCHINESEFOODDIETETICCULTURECHINAISONEOFTHEMOSTANCIENTCOUNTRIESONTHEWORLD,ITHASTHELONGHISTORYOF5000YEARS,ANDCREATEDINNUMERABLESPLENDIDCIVILIZATIONINTHISCULTURE,ITMAKESCHINACONTAINMOREEXPANSIVEANDPROFOUNDDIETITHASEXPERIENCEDSEVERALTHOUSANDYEARSOFHISTORYDEVELOPMENT,ANDHASBECOMEONEOFTHEMOSTIMPORTANTCHINESETRADITIONALCULTURESOFDEPARTMENTBECAUSEOFTHEDISTRICTDIFFERENCEINOURLAND,ITGRADUALLYFORMEDFOURMAJORCUISINESTHATISSICHUANCUISINE,GUANGDONGCUISINE,SHANDONGCUISINEANDCHAOZHOUCUISINETHISFOURMAJORCUISINEHAVEDIFFERENTFEATURES,BUTINCOMMONISWITHMAKINGCOMPLEXFASTIDIOUS,THEPRODUCTMETHODSAREVERYCOMPLEX,ANDHAVEAGREATDIVERSITYOFTASTEANDDISHES,THISISAMAZINGBECAUSEOFOURVASTLAND,THEREAREDIFFERENCESINCLIMATE,PRODUCTSANDCUSTOMINEVERYPLACEFORALONGTIME,ONFOODWASFORMEDMANYFLAVOROURCOUNTRYHASBEENHAVETHESAYINGOF“SOUTHRICENORTHNOODLES”,INTHETASTE,ITHASTHEDIFFERENCESTHAT“SOURINEAST,HOTINWEST,SWEETINSOUTHANDSALTYINNORTH,ITMAINLYHAVEFOURFLAVORABOUTBASHU,QILU,HAIYANGNANDYUEMINZOUGUANGWEN,1998ONTHEOTHERHAND,ALLTHEYEARROUND,ACCORDINGTOSEASONFOREATISAFEATUREINCHINA’SCOOKINGSINCEANCIENTTIMES,OURCOUNTRYHASBEENACCORDINGTOSEASONCHANGESTOTASTE,ANDDISHESWINTERTASTESTRONG,SUMMERFLAVORCLEANER;INTHEWINTERMOREBRAISEDSTEWS,SUMMERMORECOLDINTHELONGTERMDEVELOPMENT,EVOLUTIONANDACCUMULATIONPROCESS,CHINESEPEOPLEGRADUALLYFORMEDITSOWNUNIQUEFOODFOLKFROMMANYASPECTS,SUCHASDIETSTRUCTURE,FOODPRODUCTION,FOODUTENSILS,NUTRITIONHEALTHYANDDIETAESTHETIC,THISCREATEDADIETWITHUNIQUEFLAVOROFTHECHINESEFOODCULTURE,BECOMEAPEARLOFTHEWORLDFOODCULTURE12CHARACTERISTICSOFTHEWESTERNFOODDIETETICCULTURERATIONALWESTERNERSPAYMOREATTENTIONTOTHENUTRITIONANDSURVIVALDUETOTHEDIFFERENTPHILOSOPHICALTHOUGHTSOFCHINESEANDWESTERN,WESTERNERSINDIETTAKESTHESCIENCE,TAKESTHESCIENCEABOUTNUTRITION,SOTHENUTRITIONISTHESUPREMEPRINCIPLEINTHEWESTERNDIET浅谈中西饮食文化差异作者刘洋第3页共12页EATINGLIKEABIOLOGICALMACHINEADDFUEL,ESPECIALLYABOUTTHEFOODSNUTRITIONCOMPOSITION,PROTEIN,FAT,CARBOHYDRATES,VITAMINSANDALLKINDSOFINORGANICELEMENTCONTENT,DANGBINGHUA,2010WHETHERCALORIESUPPLYPROPERLY,ANDWHETHERTHESENUTRIENTSCANBEFULLYABSORBED,ANDPRESENCEOFOTHERSIDEEFFECTS,ANDDISHESCOLOR,FRAGRANCEANDTASTEISTHESECONDREQUIREMENTEVENINTHEWEST’SLEADINGPOWER–FRANCE,EVENTHOUGHINMANYASPECTSTHEDIETCULTUREISSIMILARWITHOURDIET,BUTACONTACTTONUTRITION,BOTHSIDESWILLTHEGAPWHILEFRENCHCOOKALSOPURSUEDDELICIOUS,BUTALSOADHERETOTHE“NUTRITION”THISONEMAJORPREMISE,THEYDON’TAGREEWITHPIECESOFNUTRITIONANDBEGDELICIOUSINTHECULTUREOFDIET,WESTERNERSHAVETHECULTUREDESCENTOFNOMADSANDSAILINGNATIONALITY,THEYHUNTING,BREEDING,AIDEDBYACQUISITIONANDPLANTING,THEYEATMOREMEET,THEEATING,WEARINGANDUSINGARETOOKOFANIMALS,EVENTHEWESTERNMEDICINEAREMADEFROMANIMALSTOTAKEPAYMOREATTENTIONTOANIMALPROTEINANDFATINTAKE,INTHESTRUCTUREOFDIET,ALSOWITHANIMALFIGURINESINTHEMAJORITY,ITISMAINLYDISHES,BEEF,CHICKEN,PORK,MUTTONANDFISHSOTHEMEATDIETHASBEENVERYHIGHINPROPORTIONINMODERNTIMES,PLANTINGPROPORTIONISINCREASING,BUTTHEPROPORTIONINMEATSTILLHIGHERTHANCHINESE
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