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英语论文 浅谈中西饮食文化的差异.doc英语论文 浅谈中西饮食文化的差异.doc -- 8 元

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论文写作指导、各类文案代写QQ625880526ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSHereandnow,Iwouldliketoextendmysincerethankstoallthosewhohavehelpedmemakethisthesispossibleandbetter.Firstly,Iamdeeplygratefultomyhonorablesupervisor,Gexiaoxia,whohascheckedthroughmythesiswithpatienceandgivenmeinstructivesuggestions.Withoutherenlighteninginstruction,impressivekindnessandpatience,Icouldnothavecompletedmythesis.Thenthanksgoestotheteachersandprofessorswhohavetaughtmeoverthepastyearofstudyandhavehelpedmetodevelopthefundamentalandessentialacademiccompetence.Finally,Iamverygratefultomylovelyfriendsandclassmateswhogivemevaluableadviceonmythesisanddiscussedwithmeaboutmythesis,especiallymyfivelovelyroommates.作者刘洋第ii页共iv页ABSTRACTDietisabsolutelynecessaryinthelifeofmankind,andevenintheexistenceordevelopment.BecauseofthedifferencesbetweenChineseandwesternculturaltraditions,theChineseandwesterndietaryculturesaredifferentinconcept,target,pattern,attributionandnature.Westudythesedifferencesandthenfindoutthepointsthatcanbedigested,inordertofacilitatethecommunicationaboutculturesbetweenChinaandthewest.TaiwanProfessorZhangQijunsaid,Theoldsaying,Eat,drink,man,womanwhowishesgreatly.Forsuchastandardfair,westerncultureinparticular,modernAmericanculturecanbesaidtobemaleandfemaleculture.ButtheChineseculturecanbesaidtobeadietaryculture.Asthereasonoftheculturaltraditions,thewesternlivestendtomenandwomen,butbecauseofthenarrowgenderrelations,Chinesepeoplearedumpingguidanceonlifeintherestaurants.Thusthedietisrichinculture.Foodcultureinthewestisnotdevelopedenough,butthisunderdevelopmentitselfistheresultofthedevelopmentofaculture,soitisstillsignificanttostudythedietaryculturesofChineseandWesterndiet.BytheanalysisofthedifferencesbetweenChineseandwesterndietarycultures,wecancomprehendtherespectiveculturaltraditionsofChinaandthewest.AndwecanalsoimproveandcreatethecultureofChina.Keywordsinterculturalcommunicationfooddieteticcultureculturedifferences作者第iii页共iv页摘要饮食是人类生活、生存与发展的必需,可是由于中西方文化传统的差异,导致了中西方饮食文化在观念、对象、方式、归属与性质方面产生了差异,研究这些差异,找出可以融会贯通的地方,促进中西文化交流。台湾张起钧教授说过古语说饮食男女人之大欲存焉。就这样的标准而论,西方文化(特别是近代美国式的文化)可说是男女文化,而中国可说是一种饮食文化。由于文化传统的缘故,西方人的人生倾向男女关系,而中国人由于对男女关系的褊狭,把人生精力倾泄导向于饮食。由此赋予饮食以丰富的文化内涵,虽然饮食文化在西方不够发达,但这种不发达本身也是一种文化发展的结果,所以对中西饮食文化的比较仍有意义。通过对中西饮食文化差异的分析,我们可以了解中西方各自的文化传统同时能对中国文化进行改善与创新。关键词饮食文化文化传统差异作者刘洋第iv页共iv页CONTENTSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS.............................................................................................................iABSTRACT....................................................................................................................................iiCONTENTS...................................................................................................................................ivIntroduction.....................................................................................................................................1ChapterOneChineseandWesternFoodDieteticCulture..............................................................21.1CharacteristicsofChinesefooddieteticculture..............................................................21.2CharacteristicsoftheWesternfooddieteticculture.错误未定义书签。ChapterTwoDifferencesintheperformanceofChineseandWesternFood......错误未定义书签。2.1DifferencesbetweenChineseandWesterndietconcept................................................42.2DifferencesbetweenChineseandWesterndietobjects...................错误未定义书签。2.3DifferencesbetweenChineseandWesterndietmanner,tablewareandetiquette............62.4DifferencesbetweenChineseandWesterndietnature.....................................................6ChapterThreeReasonsforthedifferencesbetweenChineseandWesternfooddieteticculture.93.1Theimpactofthegeographicalenvironment....................................................................93.2Theimpactoftheeconomicsystem.................................................................................9ChapterFourConclusion..............................................................................................................11REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................12浅谈中西饮食文化差异作者刘洋第1页共12页IntroductionWiththedeepeningoftheinternationalcommunication,indifferentcountriesorculturalbackground,thecommunicationofpeopleareincreasingallthetime,andthecommunicationbetweenthemiscalledinterculturalcommunication.Interculturalcommunicationsgraduallybecomesanindispensablecontentofpeopleslife.Duetothedifferencesofregional,differentnationsandcountriesformdifferentcultures.Peoplewithdifferentculturalbackgroundsbehaviororhabitsisendlessandsame,theyhavetheirsocialstatuteorhabits,reflectedinthepoliticaleconomy,educationreligion,culture,artandsoon.AmericafamousnewlychemicalrepresentativefigureWhiteiscalledfatherofculturology,heputthecultureasakindofspecialandobjectivesocialphenomenon,andasacompletesystemWhite,1949.Sospecially,whatiscultureChenHuawenoncelistscasestoillustratetheconnotationandimportanceofculturehesaidcultureislikeairandwaterthatpermeateseverycornerofourlives,peopleareenjoyingthecultureachievementsthatwerecreatedbypredecessorsineverytime,also,peopleareinventingnewcultureineverymoment.Ourprogressistheresultoftheculturecreationanddeveloping.ChenHuawen,20012Whenpeoplearecommunicatingunderthedifferentculturebackground,thelanguageandnonlanguagefactorswhichinfluenceofmessageeffectaremakecommunicationhenculture.Ifforeignlanguagelearnersarelackofknowledgeforitsbehaviorandfunction,itwillappearinappropriatebehavior,resultinginthecommunicationbarriers,anditisdifficultforeffectivecrossculturalcommunication,asaresultcausesofcommunicationerror.Thedietisthefirstneedforhumanssurvivalanddevelopmentalsoitistheoneofthebasicformofsociallife.Howeverunderthedifferentculturalbackground,havingdifferentdietideaanddietcustom,thenfinallyformthedifferentdietculture.languagelearners,notonlyincreasetheunderstandingofthetargetlanguageculture,butalsoimprovethesuccessrateofinterculturalcommunication,avoidthemisunderstandingsandcommunicationbarriersjustbecauseoftheinappropriatewayorbehavior.InSunWeixuesbook,heoncepointedoutanycountryintheworldshouldcarryoutculturalexchangesandpublicityactively,thisisnotonlybenefittotheirnativeculture,butalsospreadthecultureinworldwide.SunWeixue,2004ThispaperexpoundedfromvariousofthedifferencesbetweenChineseandwesternfooddieteticculture,enhancemutualunderstandingandfacilitatecommunication.浅谈中西饮食文化差异作者刘洋第2页共12页ChapteroneChineseandWesternFoodDieteticCulture1.1CharacteristicsofChinesefooddieteticcultureChinaisoneofthemostancientcountriesontheworld,ithasthelonghistoryof5000years,andcreatedinnumerablesplendidcivilization.Inthisculture,itmakesChinacontainmoreexpansiveandprofounddiet.Ithasexperiencedseveralthousandyearsofhistorydevelopment,andhasbecomeoneofthemostimportantChinesetraditionalculturesofdepartment.Becauseofthedistrictdifferenceinourland,itgraduallyformedfourmajorcuisinesthatisSichuancuisine,Guangdongcuisine,ShandongcuisineandChaozhoucuisine.Thisfourmajorcuisinehavedifferentfeatures,butincommoniswithmakingcomplexfastidious,theproductmethodsareverycomplex,andhaveagreatdiversityoftasteanddishes,thisisamazing.Becauseofourvastland,therearedifferencesinclimate,productsandcustomineveryplace.Foralongtime,onfoodwasformedmanyflavor.Ourcountryhasbeenhavethesayingofsouthricenorthnoodles,inthetaste,ithasthedifferencesthatsourineast,hotinwest,sweetinsouthandsaltyinnorth,itmainlyhavefourflavoraboutBashu,Qilu,HaiyangnandYuemin.ZouGuangwen,1998Ontheotherhand,alltheyearround,accordingtoseasonforeatisafeatureinChinascooking.Sinceancienttimes,ourcountryhasbeenaccordingtoseasonchangestotaste,anddishes.Wintertastestrong,summerflavorcleanerinthewintermorebraisedstews,summermorecold.Inthelongtermdevelopment,evolutionandaccumulationprocess,Chinesepeoplegraduallyformeditsownuniquefoodfolkfrommanyaspects,suchasdietstructure,foodproduction,foodutensils,nutritionhealthyanddietaesthetic,thiscreatedadietwithuniqueflavoroftheChinesefoodculture,becomeapearloftheworldfoodculture.1.2CharacteristicsoftheWesternfooddieteticcultureRationalwesternerspaymoreattentiontothenutritionandsurvival.DuetothedifferentphilosophicalthoughtsofChineseandwestern,westernersindiettakesthescience,takesthescienceaboutnutrition,sothenutritionisthesupremeprincipleinthewesterndiet.浅谈中西饮食文化差异作者刘洋第3页共12页Eatinglikeabiologicalmachineaddfuel,especiallyaboutthefoodsnutritioncomposition,protein,fat,carbohydrates,vitaminsandallkindsofinorganicelementcontent,DangBinghua,2010whethercaloriesupplyproperly,andwhetherthesenutrientscanbefullyabsorbed,andpresenceofothersideeffects,anddishescolor,fragranceandtasteisthesecondrequirement.Eveninthewestsleadingpower–France,eventhoughinmanyaspectsthedietcultureissimilarwithourdiet,butacontacttonutrition,bothsideswillthegap.WhileFrenchcookalsopursueddelicious,butalsoadheretothenutritionthisonemajorpremise,theydontagreewithpiecesofnutritionandbegdelicious.Inthecultureofdiet,westernershavetheculturedescentofnomadsandsailingnationality,theyhunting,breeding,aidedbyacquisitionandplanting,theyeatmoremeet,theeating,wearingandusingaretookofanimals,eventhewesternmedicinearemadefromanimalstotake.Paymoreattentiontoanimalproteinandfatintake,inthestructureofdiet,alsowithanimalfigurinesinthemajority,itismainlydishes,beef,chicken,pork,muttonandfish.Sothemeatdiethasbeenveryhighinproportion.Inmoderntimes,plantingproportionisincreasing,buttheproportioninmeatstillhigherthanChinese.
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