2002年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc2002年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc

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2002年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题12002年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题一NATIONALENTRANCETESTOFENGLISHFORMA/MSCANDIDATES2002考生注意事项1考生必须严格遵守各项考场规则,得到监考人员指令后方可开始答题。2答题前,考生应将答题卡上的”考生姓名”、”报考单位”、”考试语种”、”考生编号”等信息填写清楚,并与准考证上的一致。3全国硕士研究生入学考试英语分为试题一、试题二。4本试题为试题一,共4页1~4页。考生必须在规定的时间内作答。5试题一为听力部分。该部分共有A、B、C三节,所有答案都应填写或填涂在答题卡1上。A、B两节必须用蓝黑圆珠笔答题,注意字迹清楚。C节必须用2B铅笔按照答题卡上的要求填涂,如要改动,必须用橡皮擦干净。6听力考试进行时,考生应先将答案写或标记在试题上,然后在听力部分结束前专门留出的5分钟内,将答案整洁地誊写或转涂到答题卡1上。仅写或标记在试题上不给分。SECTIONILISTENINGCOMPREHENSIONDIRECTIONSTHISSECTIONISDESIGNEDTOTESTYOURABILITYTOUNDERSTANDSPOKENENGLISHYOUWILLHEARASELECTIONOFRECORDEDMATERIALSANDYOUMUSTANSWERTHEQUESTIONSTHATACCOMPANYTHEMTHEREARETHREEPARTSINTHISSECTION,PARTA,PARTBANDPARTCREMEMBER,WHILEYOUAREDOINGTHETEST,YOUSHOULDFIRSTPUTDOWNYOURANSWERSINYOURTESTBOOKLETATTHEENDOFTHELISTENINGCOMPREHENSIONSECTION,YOUWILLHAVE5MINUTESTOTRANSFERALLYOURANSWERSFROMYOURTESTBOOKLETTOANSWERSHEET1NOWLOOKATPARTAINYOURTESTBOOKLETPARTADIRECTIONS2002年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题2FORQUESTIONS15,YOUWILLHEARANINTRODUCTIONABOUTTHELIFEOFMARGARETWELCHWHILEYOULISTEN,FILLOUTTHETABLEWITHTHEINFORMATIONYOU’VEHEARDSOMEOFTHEINFORMATIONHASBEENGIVENTOYOUINTHETABLEWRITEONLY1WORDORNUMBERINEACHNUMBEREDBOXYOUWILLHEARTHERECORDINGTWICEYOUNOWHAVE25SECONDSTOREADTHETABLEBELOW5POINTSWELCH’SPERSONALINFORMATIONPLACEOFBIRTHPHILADELPHIAYEAROFBIRTH1901TRANSFERTOBARNARDUNIVERSITYYEAR1920MAJORATUNIVERSITY1FINALDEGREEPHDYEAROFMARRIAGE1928GROWINGUPINNEWGUINEAPUBLISHEDYEAR2FIELDSTUDYINTHESOUTHPACIFICAGE3MAININTEREST4PROFESSORSHIPATCOLUMBIASTARTEDYEAR5DEATHAGE77PARTBDIRECTIONSFORQUESTIONS610,YOUWILLHEARATALKBYAWELLKNOWNUSJOURNALISTWHILEYOULISTEN,COMPLETETHESENTENCESORANSWERTHEQUESTIONSUSENOTMORETHAN3WORDSFOREACHANSWERYOUWILLHEARTHERECORDINGTWICEYOUNOWHAVE25SECONDSTOREADTHESENTENCESANDQUESTIONSBELOW5POINTSBESIDESREPORTERS,WHOELSEWERECAMPEDOUTFORDAYSOUTSIDETHESPEAKER’SHOMEHTTP//WWWTOPSAGECOM6ONEREPORTERGOTTOTHESPEAKER’SAPARTMENTPRETENDINGTOPAYHTTP//WWWTOPSAGECOM7THESPEAKERBELIEVEDTHEREPORTERWANTEDAPICTUREOFHERLOOKINGHTTP//WWWTOPSAGECOM8WHEREISACORRECTIONTOAFALSESTORYUSUALLYPLACEDHTTP//WWWTOPSAGECOM9ACCORDINGTOTHESPEAKER,THEPRESSWILLLOSEREADERSHTTP//WWWTOPSAGECOM102002年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题3UNLESSTHEEDITORSANDTHENEWSDIRECTORSPARTCDIRECTIONSYOUWILLHEARTHREEPIECESOFRECORDEDMATERIALBEFORELISTENINGTOEACHONE,YOUWILLHAVETIMETOREADTHEQUESTIONSRELATEDTOITWHILELISTENING,ANSWEREACHQUESTIONBYCHOOSINGA,B,CORDAFTERLISTENING,YOUWILLHAVETIMETOCHECKYOURANSWERSYOUWILLHEAREACHPIECEONCEONLY10POINTSQUESTIONS1113AREBASEDONAREPORTABOUTCHILDREN’SHEALTHYDEVELOPMENTYOUNOWHAVE15SECONDSTOREADQUESTIONS111311WHATUNUSUALQUESTIONMAYDOCTORSASKWHENGIVINGKIDSACHECKUPNEXTTIMEAHOWMUCHEXERCISETHEYGETEVERYDAYBWHATTHEYAREMOSTWORRIEDABOUTCHOWLONGTHEIRPARENTSACCOMPANYTHEMDAILYDWHATENTERTAINMENTTHEYAREINTERESTEDIN12THEACADEMYSUGGESTSTHATCHILDRENUNDERAGETWO________AGETENOUGHENTERTAINMENTBHAVEMOREACTIVITIESCRECEIVEEARLYEDUCATIONDHAVEREGULARCHECKUPS13ACCORDINGTOTHEREPORT,CHILDREN’SBEDROOMSSHOULD________ABENOPLACEFORPLAYBBENEARACOMMONAREACHAVENOTVSETSDHAVEACOMPUTERFORSTUDYQUESTIONS1416AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGTALKABOUTHOWTOSAVEMONEYYOUNOWHAVE15SECONDSTOREADQUESTIONS14162002年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题414ACCORDINGTOTHESPEAKER,WHATSHOULDONEPAYSPECIALATTENTIONTOIFHEWANTSTOSAVEUPAFAMILYDEBTSBBANKSAVINGSCMONTHLYBILLSDSPENDINGHABITS15HOWMUCHCANAPERSONSAVEBYRETIREMENTIFHEGIVESUPHISPACKADAYHABITA190,000B330,000C500,000D1,000,00016WHATSHOULDONEDOBEFOREPAYINGMONTHLYBILLS,IFHEWANTSTOACCUMULATEWEALTHAINVESTINTOAMUTUALFUNDBUSETHEDISCOUNTTICKETSCQUITHISEATINGOUTHABITDUSEONLYPAPERBILLSANDSAVECOINSQUESTIONS1720AREBASEDONANINTERVIEWWITHHERBERTAGLIEBERMAN,ADOMESTICRELATIONSLAWYERYOUNOWHAVE20SECONDSTOREADQUESTIONS172017WHICHWORDBESTDESCRIBESTHELAWYER’SPREDICTIONOFTHECHANGEINDIVORCERATEAFALLBRISECVSHAPEDZIGZAG18WHATDOPEOPLENOWADAYSDESIRETODOCONCERNINGTHEIRMARRIAGEATOEMBRACECHANGESOFTHOUGHTBTOADAPTTOTHEDISINTEGRATEDFAMILYLIFECTORETURNTOTHEPRACTICEINTHE‘60SAND‘70SDTOCREATESTABILITYINTHEIRLIVES2002年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题519WHYDIDSOMEPEOPLECHOOSENOTTODIVORCE20YEARSAGOATHEYFEAREDTHECOMPLICATEDPROCEDURESBTHEYWANTEDTOGOAGAINSTTHETRENDCTHEYWEREAFRAIDOFLOSINGFACEDTHEYWEREWILLINGTOSTAYTOGETHER20YEARSAGOADIVORCEDMANINACOMPANYWOULDHAVE________ABEENSHIFTEDAROUNDTHECOUNTRYBHADDIFFICULTYBEINGPROMOTEDCENJOYEDAHAPPIERLIFEDTASTEDLITTLEBITTERNESSOFDISGRACEYOUNOWHAVE5MINUTESTOTRANSFERALLYOURANSWERSFROMYOURTESTBOOKLETTOANSWERSHEET1THISISTHEENDOFSECTIONIDONOTREADORWORKONTHENEXTSECTIONUNTILYOUARETOLDTOCONTINUE全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题二NATIONALENTRANCETESTOFENGLISHFORMA/MSCANDIDATES2002考生注意事项1考生必须严格遵守各项考场规则,得到监考人员指令后方可开始答题。2全国硕士研究生入学考试英语分为试题一、试题二。3本试题为试题二,共11页5~15页,含有英语知识运用、阅读理解、写作三个部分。英语知识运用、阅读理解A节的答案必须用2B铅笔按要求直接填涂在答题卡1上,如要改动,必须用橡皮擦干净。阅读理解B节和写作部分必须用蓝黑圆珠笔在答题卡2上答题,注意字迹清楚。4考试结束后,考生应将答题卡1、答题卡2一并装入原试卷袋中,将试题一、试题二交给监考人员。2002年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题6SECTIONIIUSEOFENGLISHDIRECTIONSREADTHEFOLLOWINGTEXTCHOOSETHEBESTWORDSFOREACHNUMBEREDBLANKANDMARKA,B,CORDONANSWERSHEET110POINTSCOMPARISONSWEREDRAWNBETWEENTHEDEVELOPMENTOFTELEVISIONINTHE20THCENTURYANDTHEDIFFUSIONOFPRINTINGINTHE15THAND16THCENTURIESYETMUCHHADHAPPENED大21家ASWASDISCUSSEDBEFORE,ITWASNOT大22家THE19THCENTURYTHATTHENEWSPAPERBECAMETHEDOMINANTPREELECTRONIC大23家,FOLLOWINGINTHEWAKEOFTHEPAMPHLETANDTHEBOOKANDINTHE大24家OFTHEPERIODICALITWASDURINGTHESAMETIMETHATTHECOMMUNICATIONSREVOLUTION大25家UP,BEGINNINGWITHTRANSPORT,THERAILWAY,ANDLEADING大26家THROUGHTHETELEGRAPH,THETELEPHONE,RADIO,ANDMOTIONPICTURES大27家THE20THCENTURYWORLDOFTHEMOTORCARANDTHEAIRPLANENOTEVERYONESEESTHATPROCESSIN大28家ITISIMPORTANTTODOSOITISGENERALLYRECOGNIZED,大29家,THATTHEINTRODUCTIONOFTHECOMPUTERINTHEEARLY20THCENTURY,大30家BYTHEINVENTIONOFTHEINTEGRATEDCIRCUITDURINGTHE1960S,RADICALLYCHANGEDTHEPROCESS,大31家ITSIMPACTONTHEMEDIAWASNOTIMMEDIATELY大32家ASTIMEWENTBY,COMPUTERSBECAMESMALLERANDMOREPOWERFUL,ANDTHEYBECAME“PERSONAL”TOO,ASWELLAS大33家,WITHDISPLAYBECOMINGSHARPERANDSTORAGE大34家INCREASINGTHEYWERETHOUGHTOF,LIKEPEOPLE,大35家GENERATIONS,WITHTHEDISTANCEBETWEENGENERATIONSMUCH大36家ITWASWITHINTHECOMPUTERAGETHATTHETERM“INFORMATIONSOCIETY”BEGANTOBEWIDELYUSEDTODESCRIBETHE大37家WITHINWHICHWENOWLIVETHECOMMUNICATIONSREVOLUTIONHAS大38家BOTHWORKANDLEISUREANDHOWWETHINKANDFEELBOTHABOUTPLACEANDTIME,BUTTHEREHAVEBEEN大39家VIEWSABOUTITSECONOMIC,POLITICAL,SOCIALANDCULTURALIMPLICATIONS“BENEFITS”HAVEBEENWEIGHED大40家“HARMFUL”OUTCOMESANDGENERALIZATIONSHAVEPROVEDDIFFICULT21ABETWEENBBEFORECSINCEDLATER22AAFTERBBY2002年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题7CDURINGDUNTIL23AMEANSBMETHODCMEDIUMDMEASURE24APROCESSBCOMPANYCLIGHTDFORM25AGATHEREDBSPEEDEDCWORKEDDPICKED26AONBOUTCOVERDOFF27AOFBFORCBEYONDDINTO28ACONCEPTBDIMENSIONCEFFECTDPERSPECTIVE2002年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题829AINDEEDBHENCECHOWEVERDTHEREFORE30ABROUGHTBFOLLOWEDCSTIMULATEDDCHARACTERIZED31AUNLESSBSINCECLESTDALTHOUGH32AAPPARENTBDESIRABLECNEGATIVEDPLAUSIBLE33AINSTITUTIONALBUNIVERSALCFUNDAMENTALDINSTRUMENTAL34AABILITYBCAPABILITYCCAPACITYDFACULTY35ABYMEANSOFBINTERMSOF2002年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题9CWITHREGARDTODINLINEWITH36ADEEPERBFEWERCNEARERDSMALLER37ACONTEXTBRANGECSCOPEDTERRITORY38AREGARDEDBIMPRESSEDCINFLUENCEDDEFFECTED39ACOMPETITIVEBCONTROVERSIALCDISTRACTINGDIRRATIONAL40AABOVEBUPONCAGAINSTDWITHSECTIONIIIREADINGCOMPREHENSIONPARTADIRECTIONS
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