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英语听力打包下载网http//fangxianyun.qjwm.com/现在完成时用法英语听力打包下载网http//fangxianyun.qjwm.com/现在完成时的构成助动词have(has)过去分词,1.表示过去发生或完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果。例如Ihavejustcleanedmyclothes.我刚洗过衣服。(洗衣服是发生在过去的动作,对现在造成的结果是衣服干净了)现在完成时常用的时间状语有already(已经用于肯定句的中间和末尾处)never从不用于中间处ever(曾经用于疑问句和肯定句的中间处)just刚刚用于中间处yet已经用于疑问句的末尾处/还用于否定句的末尾处或不加任何的时间状语,但不能和表示过去的时间状语连用.现在完成时与一般过去时的用法比较现在完成时表示过去的动作一直延续到现在甚至会继续下去或表示过去的动作对现在造成的影响一般过去时表示动作发生的时间在过去。试比较Theplanehasarrived.飞机已经来了。(说明现在的情况飞机在这儿)Theplanearrivedaquarterago.飞机是一刻中以前来的。(强调动作发生的时间在过去)Ihavetaughthereforfifteenyears.我在这儿已经教了十五年。(表示十五年前的动作一直延续到现在,还可能会继续。)Itaughthereforayear.我过去在这儿教过一年。(表示我现在已经不在这儿任教了)Since和for的用法表示过去已经开始持续到现在的动作或状态常用的时间状语有for,since,howlong,sofar,thesedays等。Since过去点的时间,for一段时间(数词量词),此划线部分用howlong提问。一、since短语或从句表示过去的动作延续至今,since之后的时间为一点。如Mr.Smithhasworkedheresince1984.1984年以来,史密斯先生一直在这工作。Heslearnedabout5,000Englishwordssincehewenttocollege.他上大学以来大约学了五千个英语单词。二、for短语表示动作延续多长时间,for的宾语为时间段。如Wehaveknowneachotherfortwentyyears.我们认识有二十年了。Ihaventseenherforalongtime.我好久没有见到她了。练习I.翻译下列句子1.你曾经吃过鱼和薯条吗2.我刚刚丢了我的化学书。英语听力打包下载网http//fangxianyun.qjwm.com/3.我以前从来没去过那个农场。4.他已经吃过午饭了。5.你已经看过这部电影了吗6.我哥哥还没回来。7.我上星期看过这部电影。8.在1992年他住在这里。II.用过去时或现在完成时填空1._________you__________havelunchYes.When________you__________haveitI____________haveitat1200.2._________you__________writealettertoyourauntyetYes,I___________.I________________writeonelastweek.3._________he___________finishhishomeworkNotyet.4._________theyever__________beabroadYes,justonce.5.Yourfather_________just___________finishhiswork.6.Yourfather_________finishhisworkjustnow.7.LasttermI__________learnmanyEnglishwords.8.They____________notreadtheinterestingbooksyet.9.He_____________never____________gotothesciencemuseum.10.____________youever____________drinkcoke11.____________you_____________buyadictionaryYes,I__________.Where__________you_____________buyitI___________buyitinabookstore.When___________you_____________buyitYesterday.练习用since和for填空1______twoyears2_______twoyearsago3_______lastmonth4______19995_______yesterday6_______4oclock7______4hours8_______anhourago9_______wewerechildren10_____lunchtime11______shelefthere1.HehaslivedinNanjing________theyearbeforelast.2.Iveknownhim__________wewerechildren.3.OurteacherhasstudiedJapanese_________threeyears.4.Shehasbeenawayfromthecity___________abouttenyears.英语听力打包下载网http//fangxianyun.qjwm.com/5.Itsabouttenyears__________sheleftthecity.2.短暂性转换延续性①arriveat/insw.getto/reachsw.come/go/movetosw.→beinsw./atschool/athome/onthefarm/behere/bethere1HegottoBeijingfiveminutesago.He__________________________Beijingfor__________________.2ImovedtotheUSAlastyear.I__________________________theUSAsince____________________.3Iwenthomeyesterday.I________________________homefor___________________.4Theycameherelastweek.They__________________heresince___________________.②come/goback,return→bebackcome/goout→beout1Hecameouttwoyearsago.He____________________________for____________________.2WereturntoFuzhouyesterday.We_________________________toFuzhousince__________.③become→be1Ibecameateacherin2000.I__________________ateacherfor__________________.2Theriverbecamedirtylastyear.Theriver__________________dirtyfor___________________.④close→beclosedopen→beopen1Theshopclosedtwohoursago.Theshop__________________________for__________________.2Thedooropenedatsixinthemorning.Thedoor________________________forsixhours.⑤getup→beupdie→bedeadleavesw.→beawayfromsw.fallasleep/gettotsleep→beasleepfinish/end→beovermarry→bemarried1Igotuptwohoursago.I________________________since________________.2HeleftFuzhoujustnow.He________________________________Fuzhouforfiveminutes.3Mygrandpadiedin2002.Mygrandpa______________________for_______________.4Themeetingfinishedatsix.Themeeting____________________forsixhours.5Igottosleeptwohoursago.I__________________________since___________________.6Theymarriedin1990.They___________________________since_________.英语听力打包下载网http//fangxianyun.qjwm.com/⑥start/begintodosth.→dosth.begin→beon1Ibegantoteachatthisschoolin1995.I________atthisschoolsince____.2Thefilmbegantwominutesago.Thefilm____________for________.⑦borrow→keeplose→nothavebuy→haveputon→wearcatch/getacold→haveacoldgettoknow→know1Theyborroweditlastweek.They__________________itsince____________________.2Iboughtapentwohoursago.I__________________apenfor__________________.3Igottoknowhimlastyear.I___________________himsince____________________.4Iputonmyglassesthreeyearsago.I____________________myglassesfor__________________.⑧have/hasgoneto→havebeenin1HehasgonetoBeijing.He_____________Beijingfortwodays.⑨jointheleague/theParty/thearmy→bealeague/aPartymember/asoldier→beamemberoftheleague/theParty→beintheleague/theParty/thearmy1Hejoinedtheleaguein2002.He_________________a__________________fortwoyears.He__________________a_____________________the__________fortwoyears.He__________________________________theleaguefortwoyears.2Mybrotherjoinedthearmytwoyearsago.Mybrother____________________a___________for______________________.Mybrother______________________in_______________________fortwoyears.3.汉译英1)这本字典我已买了三年了。2)他离开中国三年了。3)我认识他们五年了。4)他们已去了美国五年了。5)自从他搬到福州,他就住这儿了。6)他们已经结婚10年。英语听力打包下载网http//fangxianyun.qjwm.com/7)我妹妹成为一个大学生已经三年。8)这会已开了多长时间了9)这门已经关了两天了。10)我入团2年了。I________________________________twoyearsago.I_____________________a______________________fortwoyears.I_____________________a___________of___________________fortwoyears.I_________________________________the__________fortwoyears.11)自从1999年以来他们就认识。12)我来到农场已5年了。4.划线提问1Ihavebeentherefortwodays._____________________________you____________________2Myfatherhaslivedheresince2000.____________________________yourfather___________________3Helefthereyesterday._________________he___________________4Theyboughtabooktwohoursago._____________________they__________abookhavebeenin,havebeento与havegoneto的用法一、havehasbeenin表示在某地呆多长时间,常与表示一段时间的状语连用,如since,for,howlong等。例如Mr.BrownhasbeeninShanghaiforthreedays.布朗先生来上海已经有三天了。此外还有这些搭配havebeenherethere/athomeschool/onthefarmhavebeenherethere/abroad二、havehasbeento表示曾经去过某地,现在已经不在那里了。可与just,ever,never等连用,例如Ihavejustbeentothepostoffice.我刚才去邮局了。MaryhasneverbeentotheGreatWall.玛丽从未去过长城。HaveyoueverbeentoHangzhou你曾经去过杭州吗havehasbeento后面可接次数,表示去过某地几次。例如IhavebeentoBeijingthreetimes.我去过北京三次。Theyhavebeentothatvillageseveraltimes.他们去过那个村庄好几次了。三、havehasgoneto意为到某地去了,表示到了某地或正在去某地的途中。总之,说话时该人不在现场,一般不用第一、第二人称代词作句子的主语。英语听力打包下载网http//fangxianyun.qjwm.com/例如WhereisTomHehasgonetothebookshop.汤姆在哪里他到书店去了。JackJohnsonhasgonetoLondon.杰克.约翰逊到伦敦去了。练习I.用havehasbeen或havehasgone填空。AWhere____________LiFei___________BHe____________toHainanIsland.AHowlong___________he___________thereBHe_____________thereforthreedays.AWhenwillhecomeback,doyouknowBImafraidhewontcomebackrecently.ACouldyoutellmethewaytoHainanIslandBSorry,I_________never___________there.AHowmanytimes___________LiFei__________tothatplaceBHe_____________thereonlyonce.II.用have/hasbeento/in,havegoneto及go的各种形式填空。1WhereisJackHe__________hiscountry.2David________theparkjustnow.3John_______Englandsincehecameback.4Howlong_____have_____thisvillage5TheSmiths______Beijingforyears.6_____youever____AmericaYes,I_____theremanytimes.7I_____thisschoolsincethreeyearsago.8WhereisJimHe_____thefarm.9When_____he_____He_______anhourago.10Wouldyouliketo_____thezoowithmeYes,butI_____therebefore.11Where_____you_____nowI____thezoo.12Heoften_____swimming.13_____you______therelastyear14_____theyoften______skatinginwinterIII.翻译下列句子1.他已经来中国三年多了。2.他们出国两个月了。3.我从来没去过长城。4.你曾经出过国吗5.他已经去图书馆了。6.他来这儿五年了。英语听力打包下载网http//fangxianyun.qjwm.com/7.昨天他去了公园。8.你要去哪里我要去学校。9.他常常去游泳。综合练习I.用never,ever,already,yet,for,since填空1.Ihave_______seenhimbefore,soIhavenoideaabouthim.2.Jackhas_________finishedhishomework________anhourago.3.Mr.Wanghastaughtinthisschool________tenyears.4.Haveyou________seenthefilmNo,Ihave________seenit.5.Hasthebusleft_______Yes,ithas_________left.II.翻译下列句子1.他们已经打扫了教室吗2.我们已经认识有二十年了。3.打那以后,她一直住在这。4.你曾经到过那里吗不,我从来没到过那里。III.用适当的时态填空1.Shes_____________livehereeversinceshewasten.2.Bothofthem________________beinHongkongfortendays.3.Bothofthem________________cometoHongkongtendaysago.4.Halfanhour__________passsincethetrain__________leave.5.Mary________loseherpen.____________you______________seeithereandthere6._____________you____________findyourwatchyet7.AreyouthirstyNoI_________just_____________havesomeorange.8.We_____________already______________returnthebook.9.___________they____________buildanewschoolinthevillage10.I________________notfinishmyhomework.Canyouhelpme11.Myfather_____readthenoveltwice.12.I_________buyabookjustnow.13.I_________lostmywatchyesterday.14.Myfather___________readthisbooksinceyesterday.III.句型转换1.Hehasalreadygonehome.He___________________home____________.否定句____________he__________home___________英语听力打包下载网http//fangxianyun.qjwm.com/疑问句2.Hehaslunchathome.He_______________________lunchathome.否定句____________he__________lunchathome疑问句3.Hehasbeentheretwice.______________________________________hebeenthere划线提问4.Ihavelunchatschool.____________________you____________lunch.划线提问英语听力打包下载网http//fangxianyun.qjwm.com/
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