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2011年湖南省怀化市中考英语试题(解析版).doc2011年湖南省怀化市中考英语试题(解析版).doc -- 5 元

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12011年怀化市初中毕业学业水平考试试卷英语Ⅱ.知识运用两个部分,共20小题,计20分第一节单项填空从A、B、C三个选项中选择正确的答案填空。共10小题,每小题1分【2011湖南怀化】21.GeYouis______interestingactor.Hehaslotsoffans.A.aB.不填C.an答案C【解析】冠词用法。interesting是元音音素开头的单词。根据句意葛优是一位有趣的演员。得出答案an.【2011湖南怀化】22.Whotaught______EnglishlastyearNobody.Shetaughtherself.A.himB.herC.you答案B【解析】代词用法。taught是teach的过去式,teachsb.学科,教某人什么学科,根据答语她自学的。得出答案B。【2011湖南怀化】23.ManyofmyclassmatesthinkWangHanis______hostinHunanTVStation.A.popularB.morepopularC.themostpopular答案C【解析】形容词最高级。根据句意我的大多数同学认为汪涵是湖南电视台最受欢迎的主持人。C是最高级。【2011湖南怀化】24.Atnight,wecanseecolorfullightsonboth______ofthestreets.A.sidesB.sideC.sides答案A【解析】名词复数的考查。街道的两边是复数,得出答案A。【2011湖南怀化】25.July1stofthisyearis______birthdayofCPC中国共产党.A.ninetyB.theninetyC.theninetieth答案C2【解析】序数词的考查。序数词前面要加the。根据句意今年七月一日是中国共产党九十岁生日。【2011湖南怀化】26.Listen,ourteachers______RedSongsinthenextroom.A.sangB.aresingingC.sings答案B【解析】动词时态。listen是现在进行时的标志,得出答案B。【2011湖南怀化】27.Thisdictionary______Toms.IthasAnnsnameonitA.mightbeB.mayheC.cantbe答案C【解析】情态动词。根据句意上面有安的名字。推断出前一句应该是,这本字典不可能是汤姆的。选C。【2011湖南怀化】28.MayIspeaktoLinTaoSorry,heisnotin.He______toChangsha.A.hasbeenB.hasgoneC.went答案B【解析】词义辨析。havebeento与havegoneto的区别。havebeento指去过,havegoneto指去了,即不在说话者所在地。根据句义,我可以找林涛说话吗很抱歉,他不在。他去了长沙了。【2011湖南怀化】29.Dontforget______yourhomework.John.Ok.Illdoitrightnow.A.doingB.doC.todo答案C【解析】词义辨析。forgettodosth.忘记做某事将要做的事forgetdoingsth.忘记做某事已经做过的事根据句意不要忘记做作业。好的,我马上就做。选C。【2011湖南怀化】30.Couldyoutellme______A.whatisyourjobB.whatyourjobisC.yourjobiswhat答案B【解析】宾语从句。宾语从句用陈述语序。选B。【2011湖南怀化】第二节完形填空通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳答案。(共10小题,每小题1分)3WhichpartisthemostimportantMymotherusedtoaskmewhatthemostimportantpartofthebodyis.WhenIwas31.1thoughtmusicandtalkingwerethemostimportantthings,soIsaidMy32Mommy.ShesaidNo.manypeoplearedeafandcanthearanythingbuttheylivenormallives.Butyou33thinkingaboutmyquestionsandIwillaskyouagainsoon.Severalyearspassedbeforesheaskedmeagain.ThistimeItoldherMommy.34isveryimportantto35,soitmustbeoureyes.ShelookedatmeandtoldmeYouarelearningfast,butyour36isnotrightbecausetherearemanypeoplewhoareblindandwhoarchappyandhealthyallthesame.Then,lastyear,mygrandpa37.Everybodywascrying.MymomaskedmeDoyouknowthemostimportantbodypannow,mydearThemostimportantbodypartisyour38.Isitbecauseitholdsup支撑myheadIasked.No,itisbecauseitcanholdaheadofafriendoralovedonewhenthey39.sheanswered.Everybodyneedsashouldertocryonsometimeinlife.Ionlyhopethatyouhaveenoughloveandfriendsinyourlife.So,youwill40haveashouldertocryonwhenyouneedit.31.A.olderB.youngerC.cleverer32.A.earsB.eyesC.mouth33.A.stopB.beginC.keep34.A.mindB.heartC.sight35.A.everybodyB.somebodyC.nobody36.A.questionB.problemC.answer37.A.cameB.diedC.arrived38.A.shoulderB.footC.hand39.A.laughB.danceC.cry40.A.neverB.alwaysC.seldom【主旨大意】本文讲述了一位母亲在不同的时候问她孩子同一个问题,通过不同的答案,揭示一些人生哲理的故事。431.B细节推理题。根据下文提到的Severalyearspassed得出答案。32.A细节推理题。根据妈妈的话manypeoplearedeafandcanthearanything得出答案。33.C细节推理题。根据妈妈的话,得出应该是继续思考。34.C细节推理题。根据下文的句子itmustbeoureyes得出答案。35.A细节理解题。此处考的是不定代词的用法,应该选A,比较合适。36.C细节理解题。结合上下文的语境意思,得出答案。37.B细节推理题。根据下文的句子Everybodywascrying.看出答案。38.A细节理解题。根据这句话Isitbecauseitholdsup支撑myhead可知答案。39.C细节理解题。根据下文Everybodyneedsashouldertocryonsometimeinlife.可知答案。40.B细节推理题。根据Ionlyhopethatyouhaveenoughloveandfriendsinyourlife.得出答案。Ⅲ.阅读技能(三个部分,共20小题,计40分)【2011湖南怀化】(判断型)第一节阅读短文,判断下列句子是否符合短文内容。符合的写A,不符合的写B。(共5小题,每小题2分)Wateristhemostimportantinourlives.NotManypeopleunderstandthisbutitsquitetrue.Thehumanbodycangowithoutfoodforalongtime.Wevegotmanyexamplesforthis.Yettwoorthreedayswithoutwatercanusuallymakepeopledie.Mancantlivewithoutwater.Manypeopledontunderstandhowmuchwaterthehumanbodyneedstoworkwell,andmanypeople,especiallyyoungpeople,donotdrinkenoughwater,eveninveryhotweather.Abouttwothirdsofourbodyiswater.Whenwedosports,someofthewaterwillgetawayfromourbody.Ifwedontdrinksomewater,ourbodywonthaveenoughwater.Andifwedonthaveenoughwater,wellfeeltiredandmanyofuswillgetill.Soyouknowhowimportantwateristous.Butatpresentwefacewatercrisis危机.Waterisbecominglessandless.So,weshouldprotectwaterresources资源andtryourbesttosavewaterinourdailylife.Herearesometipsforsavingwater1.Turnoffthetap水龙头inlime.2.Takeshortershowers.53.Dontletwaterrunwhilewashingyourfaceandreusethewaterafterwefinishwashing.4.Encourageyourfriendsandneighborstojoinintheactionofsavingwater.41.Nobodycanlivewithoutwater.42.Aboutonethirdofourbodyiswater43.Ifonedoesnthaveenoughwater,hellfeeltiredandmaygetill.44.Wedbettertakelongershowersandletwaterrunwhilewashing.45.Itsourdutytoprotectwaterresourcesandsavewater.【主旨大意】本文主要介绍水的重要性,由此号召大家节约用水。41.A根据这句话Mancantlivewithoutwater.得出答案。42.B从这句话Abouttwothirdsofourbodyiswater.看出答案。43.A从这句话Andifwedonthaveenoughwater,wellfeeltiredandmanyofuswillgetill.得出答案。44.B根据提示第二、三两条,得出答案。45.A纵观全文,得出答案。第二节阅读短文或图表,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中,选出最佳选项,回答问题或完成句子。(共10小题,每题2分)【2011湖南怀化】(选择型)AOnedayaredroseblossomed开花inaforest.ApinetreenotfarawaysaidWhatabeautifulflower.IwishIcouldhethatlovely.TherosesaidIamthemostbeautifulplantinthisforest.Thentheroselookedatacactus(仙人掌)andsaidLookatthatuglyplant.Itisfullofthorns刺ThepinetreesaidRedrose,youhavethorns,too.Sometimes,therosewouldlookatthecactusandsayThisplantisuseless.HowsorryIamtobehisneighbor.Summercameandtheplantsandanimalsneededwater,butnorainfell.Onedaytherosesawbirdsstick刺theirbeaks鸟嘴intothecactusandthenflyaway.Theroseaskedwhatthe6birdsweredoing.Thepinetreeexplainedthatthebirdsgotwaterfromthecactus.ThepinetreetoldtheroseYoucanalsodrinkfromit.Thebirdscanbringwatertoyouifyouaskthecactusforhelp.Therosefellashamed羞愧的,butaskedthecactusforhelp.Thecactuskindlyagreedandthebirdsfilledtheirbeakswithwaterfortherosesroots根.Sotheroselearnedneverjudge判断anyonebyappearance外表.46Atthebeginningofthestorytherosethoughtthatthecactuswas.A.uglyB.lovelyC.beautiful47Boththeroseandthecactushave_______.A.thornsB.leavesC.fruit48.Theunderlinedworduselessinthispassagemeans____inChineseA.无营养的B.不友好的C.无用的49.WhichofthefollowingisTrueaccordingtothestoryA.Thebirdscouldgetwaterfromthepinetree.B.Therosegotwaterfromthecactusatlast.C.Thepinetreewantedtogetwaterfromtherose.50.Whatsthebesttitle标题forthepassageA.PlantsandbirdsB.WaysofgrowingrosesC.Appearanceisnteverything.【主旨大意】本文通过松树和玫瑰花的对话,告诉人们不可以貌取人的道理。46.A根据这句话Thentheroselookedatacactus(仙人掌)andsaidLookatthatuglyplant.得出答案。47.A根据这句话ThepinetreesaidRedrose,youhavethorns,too.得出答案。48.C根据上下文意思推断,得出答案。49.B排除法,根据第五段内容可得出答案。50.C综合理解题。C项紧扣全文主旨。【2011湖南怀化】(选择型)B751.Thesignonthelefttellsusthat_______.A.thisisaplaceforustoswimB.itssafetoswiminthisplaceC.swimmingisnotallowedhere【主旨大意】这是一个禁止游泳的标志。51.C根据标志牌提示,得出答案。【2011湖南怀化】(选择型)C52.Englishistestedon_______accordingtothetimetableA.June15B.June16C.June1753.WhichofthefollowingexamstakesthelongesttimeA.Chinese.B.Physics.C.Politics.【主旨大意】这是一张考试日程安排表。52.C在六月十七号这一栏可找到English.53.A排除法。根据表格的时间提示,得出答案。【2011湖南怀化】(选择型)DTimeforOurThreeDaysExamJune15June16June17timeSubjectstimeSubjectstimeSubjects820950history820950politics8201000English10301200physics10301200chemistry15001700Chinese15001700math854.XiangJingyuwasbornin______A.XupucountyB.HuitongcountyC.Chenxicounty55.WhichofthefollowingisTrueA.September14isXiangJingyusBirthdayB.XiangJingyujoinedCPCin1922.C.Shewaskilledattheageofthirty.【主旨大意】这个表格介绍了我国妇女解放运动的先驱向警予的相关情况。54.A从Birthplace中看出答案XupucountyHunanprovince。55.B排除法答题。从birthday和joiningCPC这两栏得出答案。【2011湖南怀化】第三节阅读下面的材料,然后根据材料内容回答所提问题。(共5小题,每小题2分)WhodidthisaskedMissGreen.Therewere30childrenintheclassroomandallweretryingtothinkaboutnotonlywhattheydid,butalsowhatourteacheralreadyknew.WhobrokethiswindowUh,Oh.Ithought.Iwastheonewhobrokethewindowwithafootball.Ididnotmeantodoit.Iwouldbeinalotoftrouble.HowcouldIpayforabigwindowlikethatIdidntwanttoputupmyhand.ButIhadtotellthetruth.So,IputupmyhandandtoldtheteacherIbrokethewindow.XiangJingyuaPioneer(先锋)oftheWomensLibrationMovement解放运动)BirthdaySeptember4.1895来BirthplaceXupucountyHunanprovinceEducationAtHunanProvincialNo.1GirlsNormalSchoolJoiningCPC1922Death1928,attheageof339MissGreenwenttothebookshelfandtookdownabook.Iknowhowyoulikebirds,Peter.Shesaid.Hereisabookaboutbirdsandthebookisyoursnow.Iwillnotpunishyouthistime.ButPeter,youshouldrememberthatIamrewarding(奖赏)youforyourhonesty(诚实),notforbreakingthewindow.IcouldntbelieveitTheteacherdidntpunishmeandIwasgettingmyveryfavoritebook.Now,Istillusethatbook,anditalwaysremindsmeof使我想起thelessonmyteachertaughtme.Honestyisalwaysbest.56.Whobrokethewindow57.Howmanychildrenwereintheclassroom58.WheredidMissGreentakedownthebook59.Whatwasthebookabout60.Whatcanwelearnfromthestory【主旨大意】本文通过讲述我做错事后主动承认,老师不但没惩罚我,还给我一本书的故事。告诉人们诚实最重要。56.Peter.57.30.58.Thebookshelf.59.Thebookwasaboutbirds.60.Honestyisalwaysbest.IV.写作技能。(四个部分,计40分)【2011湖南怀化】第一节.阅读下面的短文,然后根据汉语或英语首字母提示写出所缺英语单词的正确形式。(共5个小题,每小题1分)Ihadaveryunusualexperienceon(61)星期天。Ataroundtenoclockinthemorning,IwaswalkingdownthestreetwhenaUFOlandedin62f_____ofme.Youcanimaginehow63奇怪的itwasAnaliengotoutandwalkeddowntheCenterStreet.I64跟随it
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