2009年高考英语阅读理解专项训练.doc.doc2009年高考英语阅读理解专项训练.doc.doc

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2009年高考英语阅读理解专项训练沁阳市高中备课中心2009年2月26日星期四第1页共55页2009年高考英语阅读理解专项训练地理类1DEATHVALLEYISONEOFTHEMOSTFAMOUSDESERTSINTHEUNITEDSTATES,COVERINGAWIDEAREAWITHITSALKALISANDALMOST20PERCENTOFTHISAREAISWELLBELOWSEALEVEL,ANDBADWATER,ASALTWATERPOOL,ISABOUT280FEETBELOWSEALEVELANDTHELOWESTPOINTINTHEUNITEDSTATESLONGAGOTHEPANAMINTINDIANSCALLEDTHISPLACE“TOMESHA”THELANDOFFIREDEATHVALLEY’SPRESENTNAMEDATESBACKTO1849,WHENAGROUPOFMINERSCOMINGACROSSFROMNEVADABECAMELOSTINITSUNPLEASANTNESSANDHUGENESSANDTHEIRADVENTURETURNEDOUTTOBEASADSTORYTODAYDEATHVALLEYHASBEENDECLAREDANATIONALMONUMENT纪念碑ANDISCROSSEDBYSEVERALWELLMARKEDROADSWHEREGOODSERVICESCANBEFOUNDEASILYLUCKILYTHECHANGECREATEDBYHUMANSETTLEMENTHASHARDLYRUINEDTHESPECIALBEAUTYOFTHISPLACEWWWKS5UCOMHERENATURECREATEDALOTOFSURPRISING,ALMOSTLIKETHESIGHTSONTHEMOON,EVERCHANGINGASTHEFREQUENTWINDMOVESTHESANDABOUT,SHOWINGTHEMOSTUNUSUALCOLORSONEOFTHEMOSTASTONISHINGANDVARIABLEPARTSOFDEATHVALLEYISTHEDEVIL’SGOLFCOURSE,WHEREITSEEMSHARDFORONETOTELLREALITYFROMTERRIBLEDREAMSSANDSCULPTURES沙雕STANDONAFRIGHTENINGGROUND,ASEVENINGSHADOWSMOVEANDLENGTHEN1_______ISTHELOWESTPLACEINTHEDESERTATOMESHABDEATHVALLEYCNEVADADBADWATER2THENAMEOFTHEVALLEYCOMESFROM_______AANINDIANNAMEBTHEDEATHOFTHEMINERSCTHELOCALPEOPLEDANATIONALMOVEMENT3FROMTHEPASSAGEWECANLEARNTHAT_______ANOONEHADEVERKNOWNTHEDESERTBEFORETHEMINERSBIT’SSTILLNOTEASYTOTRAVELACROSSTHEDESERTCPEOPLECANFINDGASSTATIONS,CAFESANDHOTELSINTHEDESERTDPEOPLEHAVECHANGEDTHENATURALSIGHTOFTHEDESERT4DEVILGOLFCOURSEISFAMOUSFOR_______ATHEFREQUENTWINDBTHECOLORSOFTHESANDCDREAMLIKESIGHTSDTHESANDSCULPTURES5FROMTHEPASSAGEWECANSEETHATTHEWRITER_______THEDEATHVALLEYAAPPRECIATESBISFEARFULOFCDISLIKESDISTIREDOFWWWKS5UCOM【答案解析】本文介绍了美国的一个著名沙漠“死亡谷”名称的由来以及“死亡谷”奇特的风光。1D细节题。根据ANDBADWATER,ASALTWATERPOOL,ISABOUT280FEETBELOWSEALEVELANDTHELOWESTPOINTINTHEUNITEDSTATES可推知此题答案为D。2B推断题。根据WHENAGROUPOFMINERSCOMINGACROSSFROMNEVADABECAMELOSTINITSUNPLEASANTNESSANDHUGENESSANDTHEIRADVENTURETURNEDOUTTOBEASADSTORY可知“死亡谷”的名称来源于这些迷路矿工的死亡。3C推断题。根据WELLMARKEDROADSWHEREGOODSERVICESCANBEFOUNDEASILY可以判断C为最佳答案。4C细节题。根据WHEREITSEEMSHARDFORONETOTELLREALITYFROMTERRIBLEDREAMS可推知答案为C。5A推断题。根据THESPECIALBEAUTYOFTHISPLACELIKETHESIGHTSONTHEMOONEVERCHANGINGSHOWINGTHEMOSTUNUSUALCOLORS等关键词语可以知道作者是带着赞赏的语气来描述“死亡谷”的。2THEERIECANALWASTHEFIRSTIMPORTANTNATIONALWATERWAYBUILTINTHEUSITCROSSEDNEWYORKFROMBUFFALOONLAKEERIETROYTOALBANYONTHEHUDSONRIVERITJOINEDTHEGREATLAKESWITHTHEATLANTICOCEANTHECANALSERVEDASAROUTEOVERWHICHINDUSTRIALGOODSCOULDFLOWINTOTHEWEST,ANDMATERIALSCOULDPOURINTOTHEEASTTHEERIECANALHELPEDNEWYORKDEVELOPINTOTHENATION’SLARGESTCITYTHEBUILDINGOFTHECANALWASPAIDFORENTIRELYBYTHESTATEOFNEWYORKITCOST7143789,BUTITSOONGAINEDITSPRICEMANYTIMESOVERBETWEEN1825,WHENTHECANALWASOPENED,AND1882,WHENTOLLCHARGES过运河费WERESTOPPED,THESTATECOLLECTED121461891FORAHUNDREDYEARSBEFORETHEERIEWASBUILT,PEOPLEHADBEENTALKINGABOUTACANALWHICHCOULDJOINTHEGREATLAKESANDTHEATLANTICOCEANTHEMANWHOPLANNEDTHEERIECANALANDCARRIEDTHEPLANTHROUGHWASDEWITTCLINTONTHOSEWHOWEREAGAINSTTHECANALLAUGHINGLYCALLEDIT“CLINTON’SDITCH沟”CLINTONTALKEDANDWROTEABOUTTHECANALANDDREWUPPLANSFORITHEANDGOVERNORMORRISWENTTOWASHINGTONIN1812TOASKFORHELPFORTHECANAL,BUTTHEYWEREUNSUCCESSFULWWWKS5UCOMCLINTONBECAMEGOVERNOROFNEWYORKIN1817,ANDSHORTLYAFTERWARDS,ONJULY4,1817,BROKEGROUNDFORTHECANALINROME,NYTHEFIRSTPARTOFTHECANALWASCOMPLETEDIN1820ASTHECANALGREW,TOWNSALONGITSCOURSEDEVELOPEDFASTTHELENGTHOFTHECANALIS363MILES1WECANSEETHATTHEERIECANAL________AJOINEDTHEGREATLAKESTOGETHERBCROSSEDNEWYORKFROMNORTHTOSOUTHCPLAYEDANIMPORTANTPARTINDEVELOPINGNEWYORKCITYDWASTHEFIRSTWATERWAYBUILTINTHEUS2ITCANBEINFERREDTHAT________INTOTHEATLANTICOCEANATHEGREATLAKESFLOWBTHEHUDSONRIVERFLOWSCLAKEERIEFLOWSDTHEERIECANALFLOWS3WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISTRUEACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGEATHEERIECANALBROUGHTPROFITSOFOVER114,000,000BIT’S363MILESFROMTHEGREATLAKESTOTHEATLANTICOCEAN2009年高考英语阅读理解专项训练沁阳市高中备课中心2009年2月26日星期四第2页共55页CTHEWESTWASMOREADVANCEDTHANTHEEASTWHENTHECANALWASBUILTDMANYOTHERSTATESHELPEDNEWYORKBUILTTHECANAL4WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISTRUEACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGEACLINTONBROKEGROUNDFORTHECANALATBOTHENDSBCLINTONSTARTEDBUILDINGTHECANALBEFOREHEBECAMEGOVERNORCALLPARTSOFTHECANALWERECOMPLETEDATTHESAMETIMEDCONSTRUCTIONOFTHECANALTOOKEIGHTYEARSWWWKS5UCOM【答案解析】本文介绍了ERIECANAL的作用及修建过程。1C细节题。根据文章第1段最后一句THEERIECANALHELPEDNEWYORKDEVELOPINTOTHENATION’SLARGESTCITY及全段内容,可推知此题答案为C。2B推断题。根据文章第1段第2句和第3句运河FROMBUFFALOONLAKEERIETROYTOALBANYONTHEHUDSONRIVER横跨了NEWYORK把THEGREATLAKES和THEATLANTICOCEAN联系起来了可推知此题答案为B。3A推断题。通过比较文章第2段第2句ITCOST7,143,789和第2段最后一句中的THESTATECOLLECTED121,461,891可推知此题答案为A。4D推断题。根据文章最后一段第1句中的ONJULY4,1817,BROKEGROUNDFORTHECANALINROME,NY和第2段第2句中的BETWEEN1825,WHENTHECANALWASOPENED可推知此题答案为D。2009年高考英语阅读理解专项训练故事类1MRPETERJOHNSON,AGEDTWENTYTHREE,BATTLEDFORHALFANHOURTOESCAPEFROMHISTRAPPEDCARYESTERDAYWHENITLANDEDUPSIDEDOWNINTHREEFEETOFWATERMRJOHNSONTOOKTHEONLYESCAPEROUTETHROUGHTHEBOOT行李箱WWWKS5UCOMMRJOHNSON’SCARHADFINISHEDUPINADITCH沟渠ATROMNEYMARSIN,KENTAFTERSKIDDINGONICEANDHITTINGABANK“FORTUNATELY,THEWATERBEGANTOCOMEINONLYSLOWLY,”MRJOHNSONSAID“ICOULDN’TFORCETHEDOORSBECAUSETHEYWEREJAMMEDAGAINSTTHEWALLSOFTHEDITCHANDDAREDNOTOPENTHEWINDOWSBECAUSEIKNEWWATERWOULDCOMEFLOODINGIN”MRJOHNSON,ASWEETSALESMANOFSITTINGHOME,KENT,FIRSTTRIEDTOATTRACTTHEATTENTIONOFOTHERMOTORISTSBYSOUNDINGTHEHORNANDHAMMERINGONTHEROOFANDBOOTTHENHEBEGANHISSTRUGGLETOESCAPELATERHESAID,“ITWASREALLYAHALFPENNYTHATSAVEDMYLIFEITWASTHEONLYCOINIHADINMYPOCKETANDIUSEDITTOUNSCREWTHEBACKSEATTOGETINTOTHEBOOTIHAMMEREDDESPERATELYWITHAHAMMERTRYINGTOMAKESOMEONEHEAR,BUTNOHELPCAME”ITTOOKTENMINUTESTOUNSCREWTHESEAT,ANDAFURTHERFIVEMINUTESTOCLEARTHESWEETSAMPLESFROMTHEBOOTTHENMRJOHNSONFOUNDAWRENCHANDBEGANTOWORKONTHEBOOTLOCKFIFTEENMINUTESPASSEDBY“ITWASTHEONLYCHANCEIHADFINALLYITGAVE,BUTASSOONASIMOVEDTHEBOOTLID,THEWATERANDMUDPOUREDINIFORCEDTHELIDDOWNINTOTHEMUDANDSCRAMBLEDCLEARASTHECARFILLEDUP”WWWKS5UCOMHISHANDSANDARMSCUTANDBRUISED擦伤,MRJOHNSONGOTTOBECKETTFARMNEARBY,WHEREHEWASLOOKEDAFTERBYTHEFARMER’SWIFE,MRSLUCYBATESHUDDLEDINABLANKET,HESAID,“THATTHIRTYMINUTESSEEMEDLIKEHOURS”ONLYTHETIPSOFTHECARWHEELSWEREVISIBLE,POLICESAIDLASTNIGHTTHEVEHICLEHADSUNKINTOTWOFEETOFMUDATTHEBOTTOMOFTHEDITCH1WHATISTHEBESTTITLEFORTHISNEWSPAPERARTICLEATHESTORYOFMRJOHNSON,ASWEETSALESMANBCARBOOTCANSERVEASTHEBESTESCAPEROUTECDRIVERESCAPESTHROUGHCARBOOTDTHEDRIVERSURVIVEDATERRIBLECARACCIDENT2WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGOBJECTSISTHEMOSTIMPORTANTTOMRJOHNSONATHEHAMMERBTHECOINCTHESCREWDTHEHORN3WHICHSTATEMENTISTRUEACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGEAMRJOHNSON’SCARSTOODONITSBOOTASITFELLDOWNBMRJOHNSONCOULDNOTESCAPEFROMTHEDOORBECAUSEITWASFULLOFSWEETJAMCMRJOHNSON’SCARACCIDENTWASPARTLYDUETOTHESLIPPERYROADDMRJOHNSONSTRUGGLEDINTHEPOURINGMUDASHEUNSCREWEDTHEBACKSEAT4“FINALLYITGAVE”PARAGRAPH5MEANSTHAT_______ALUCKILYTHEDOORWASTORNAWAYINTHEENDBATLASTTHEWRENCHWENTBROKENCTHELOCKCAMEOPENAFTERALLHISEFFORTSDTHECHANCEWASLOSTATTHELASTMINUTE5ITMAYBEINFERREDFROMTHEPASSAGETHAT_______ATHEDITCHWASALONGAQUIETCOUNTRYROADBTHEACCIDENTHAPPENEDONACLEARWARMDAYCTHEPOLICEHELPEDMRJOHNSONGETOUTOFTHEDITCHDMRJOHNSONHADATENDERWIFEANDWASWELLATTENDED【答案解析】本文记述了MRJOHNSON由于车祸被困于水下车内半个小时,最后死里逃生的故事。1C。主旨题。根据第1段MRPETERJOHNSONESCAPEFROMHISTRAPPEDCARTHROUGHTHEBOOT可归纳出文章的标题为答案C。2B。细节题。根据第4段MRJOHNSON所说的话及他后面所做的事情可推知此题答案为B。WWWKS5UCOM3C。细节题。根据第2段第一句SKIDDINGONICEANDHITTINGABANK可推知答案为C。4C。词句理解题。根据其上文WORKONTHEBOOTLOCK及下文BUTASSOONASIMOVEDTHEBOOTLID,THEWATERANDMUDPOUREDIN可推知此题答案为C。5A。推断题。根据第4段最后一句BUTNOHELPCAME及最后一段的第一句MRJOHNSONGOTTOBECKETTFARMNEARBY可推知地点是在寂静的农村,此题答案为A。22009年高考英语阅读理解专项训练沁阳市高中备课中心2009年2月26日星期四第3页共55页THEMOSTFRIGHTENINGWORDSINTHEENGLISHLANGUAGEARE,“OURCOMPUTERISDOWN”YOUHEARITMOREANDMOREWHENYOUAREONBUSINESSTHEOTHERDAYIWASATTHEAIRPORTWAITINGFORATICKETTOWASHINGTONANDTHEGIRLINTHETICKETOFFICESAID,“I’MSORRY,ICAN’TSELLYOUATICKETOURCOMPUTERISDOWN”“IFYOURCOMPUTERISDOWN,JUSTWRITEMEOUTATICKET”“ICAN’TWRITEYOUOUTATICKETTHECOMPUTERISTHEONLYONEALLOWEDTODOSO”ILOOKEDDOWNONTHECOMPUTERANDEVERYPASSENGERWASJUSTSTANDINGTHEREDRINKINGCOFFEEANDSTARINGATTHEBLACKSCREENTHENIASKEDHER,“WHATDOALLYOUPEOPLEDO”“WEGIVETHECOMPUTERTHEINFORMATIONABOUTYOURTRIP,ANDTHENITTELLSUSWHETHERYOUCANFLYWITHUSORNOT”“SOWHENITGOESDOWN,YOUGODOWNWITHIT”“THAT’SGOOD,SIR”“HOWLONGWILLTHECOMPUTERBEDOWN”IWANTEDTOKNOW“IHAVENOIDEASOMETIMESIT’SDOWNFOR10MINUTES,SOMETIMESFORTWOHOURSTHERE’SNOWAYWECANFINDOUTWITHOUTASKINGTHECOMPUTER,ANDSINCEIT’SDOWNITWON’TANSWERUS”AFTERTHEGIRLTOLDMETHEYHADNOBACKUP备用COMPUTER,ISAID“LET’SFORGETTHECOMPUTERWHATABOUTYOURPLANESTHEY’RESTILLFLYING,AREN’TTHEY”“ICOULDN’TTELLWITHOUTASKINGTHECOMPUTER”“MAYBEICOULDJUSTGOTOTHEGATEANDASKTHEPILOTIFHE’SFLYINGTOWASHINGTON,”ISUGGESTEDWWWKS5UCOM“IWOULDN’TKNOWWHATGATETOSENDYOUTOEVENIFTHEPILOTWASGOINGTOWASHINGTON,HECOULDN’TTAKEYOUIFYOUDIDN’THAVEATICKET”“ISTHEREANYOTHERAIRLINEFLYINGTOWASHINGTONWITHINTHENEXTFEWHOURS”“IWOULDN’TKNOW,”SHESAID,POINTINGATTHEDARKSCREEN“ONLY‘IT’KNOWS‘IT’CAN’TTELLME”BYTHISTIMETHEREWEREQUITEAFEWPEOPLESTANDINGINLINESTHEWORDSOONSPREADTOOTHERTRAVELERSTHATTHECOMPUTERWASDOWNSOMEPEOPLEWENTWHITE,SOMEPEOPLESTARTEDTOCRYANDSTILLOTHERSKICKEDTHEIRLUGGAGE1THEBESTTITLEFORTHEARTICLEIS_______AWHENTHECOMPUTERISDOWNBTHEMOSTFRIGHTENINGWORDSCTHECOMPUTEROFTHEAIRPORTDASKINGTHECOMPUTER2WHATCOULDTHEGIRLINTHETICKETOFFICEDOFORTHEPASSENGERSWITHOUTASKINGTHECOMPUTERASHECOULDSELLATICKETBSHECOULDWRITEOUTATICKETCSHECOULDANSWERTHEPASSENGERS’QUESTIONSDSHECOULDDONOTHING3WHYDOYOUTHINKTHEYHADNOTABACKUPCOMPUTERABECAUSEITWASEASYDOWNBBECAUSEITWASVERYEXPENSIVECBECAUSEITWASNOTADVANCEDENOUGHDBECAUSEITWASNOTASBIGASTHEMAINCOMPUTER4THELASTPARAGRAPHSUGGESTSTHAT_______AAMODERNCOMPUTERWON’TBEDOWNBCOMPUTERSCANTAKETHEPLACEOFHUMANSCSOMETIMESACOMPUTERMAYBRINGSUFFERINGTOPEOPLEDTHEREWILLBEGREATCHANGESINCOMPUTERS【答案解析】本文记述了作者在机场遭遇电脑系统死机所带来的后果及人们对此的反应。1A。主旨题。根据文章第1句中的OURCOMPUTERISDOWN及后面的文章内容,可推知此题答案为A。WWWKS5UCOM2D。细节题。根据文章中的对话售票员不能卖机票,回答不出旅客提出的问题等等,可推知此题答案为D。3B。主观题。根据各选项的比较及生活经验对之进行判断,得出此题的答案为B。4C。推断题。根据文章最后一段的描述电脑死机,旅客们感到恐惧、忧郁、不安,从而可推知此题答案为C。3WESPENTADAYINTHECOUNTRY,PICKINGWILDFLOWERSWITHTHECARFULLOFFLOWERSWEWEREGOINGHOMEONOURWAYBACKMYWIFENOTICEDACUPBOARD柜厨OUTSIDEAFURNITURESHOPITWASTALLANDNARROW“BUYIT,”MYWIFESAIDATONCE“WE’LLCARRYITHOMEONTHEROOFRACKI’VEALWAYSWANTEDONELIKETHAT”WHATCOULDIDOTENMINUT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