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2011年4月自考英语二试题(真题)及答案.doc.doc2011年4月自考英语二试题(真题)及答案.doc.doc -- 5 元

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2011年4月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试英语(二)试卷(课程代码00015)ⅠVocabularyandStructure10points1pointeach从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Youmayusebike________yougiveitbacktometomorrowmorning.A.unlessB.providedC.thoughD.because2.Hecouldnot________histearsonhearingthathewasnotadmittedtotheuniversityA.holdupB.holdbackC.getoverD.getthrough3.Goodparentshavetheabilitytocommunicatemessagesoflove,trust,andselfworth______theirchildrenA.onB.forC.withD.to4.Theteacherrequiredthatallerrorsshouldbe_______eliminatedbeforethestudentsturnintheirtermpaper.A.deportedB.eliminatedC.deprivedD.implemented5.Apersonisluckyifhiscareer________withhisinterestandhobby.A.concernsB.competesC.coincidersD.compares6.Outsleepinfluencesourmood.ourmood,________,affectsourperformance.A.inreturnB.invainC.inshortD.inturn7.Itwas________ofyounottodisturbuswhileweweresleeping.A.considerateB.consideringC.considerableD.considered8.Idappreciateitverymuchifyoucouldmakesome________onmyrecentarticleattheconference.A.requestsB.referencesC.remarksD.restrictions9.Heis______absorbedinhisownthoughtsthatheseemsunawareofwhatsgoingonintheroom.A.soB.eachC.veryD.much10.Nosooner选ChadIreachedhomethanMichaelarrivedwithJaneinhiscar.A.didIreachB.IhadreachedC.hadIreachedD.IreachedⅡ.ClozeTest10point,1pointeach下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项,根据上下文要求选出最佳答案。并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。Itisdifficulttoescapetheinfluenceoftelevision.Ifyoufitthestatisticalmessages,bytheageof20youwillhavebeenesposed___11___atleast20,000hoursoftelevision.Youcanadd10,000hoursforeachdecadeyouhavelived___12___theageof20.TheonlythingsAmericansdomorethanthemwatchthetelevisionareworkansleep.Calculateforamomentwhatcouldbedonewithevenapartofthose____13____.Fivethousand,Iamsold,arewhatatypicalcollegeundergraduate____14____workinginabachelorsdegree.In10,000hoursyoucordedhavelearnedseverallauguagesfluently,youcouldbereadingShakespeareinthe____15____,andyoucouldhavewalkedaroundtheworldtheworldand____16____abookaboutthesehours.Thetroublewithtelevisionis____17____itdiscouragesconcentrations.Almostanythinginterestingandrewardinginlife____18____someconstructiveeffort.Thedultest,theleastgiftedofuscanachievethingsthatseemremarkabletothose____19____neverconcertrateonanything.Buttelevisionencouragesusnottomakeany___20___.Itmakesthetimepasswithoutgain.11.A.toB.underC.forD.at12.A.atB.fromC.afterD.before13.A.decadesB.hoursC.yearsD.things14.A.spendsB.castsC.takesD.uses15.A.originB.beginningC.sourceD.original16.A.writtenB.writeC.wroteD.writing17.A.whatB.thatC.whichD.why18.A.requestsB.asksC.ordersD.requires19.A.whatB.whoseC.whichD.who20.A.moneyB.timeC.effortD.skillⅢ.ReadingComprehension30point,2pointseach从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。PassageoneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.MichaelStadtlandersetTorontosrestarantworldonfireinthe1980swithhisoriginalfood,andeastablishedanationalandinternationalfame.In1994,however,hedecidedtoleavethecityrestaurantsceneandseekaquietlifeinthecountry,wherehehasbeenpreparingmealsonhisfarmtwohoursborthofTorontoandasksgueststobringtheirownwine.Notlongago,Stadlanderwaschargedwithsellingliquerwithoutalicence,HesaidwhenaguestaskedforwineatadinnerinDecember,heprovidedtwobottlesfromhisprivatestock.ButthecustomerturnedouttobeanundercoverOntarioProvincialPoliceOPPofficerwhoreturnedafewdayslateralongwithfourarmedofficerstoseize83bottlesofwine,andtosearchthefarmhouseforrecords.Thepunishmentcouldrunashighas100,000infinesandayearinjail.WhenMrandMrsSmistharrivedatthefarmonaweekendbefreChristmas,theysaidthatitwastheirannualcelebrstionandaskediftheycouldgetsomewine.Nobuyo,Stadtlanderswife,toldthemthepolicywastharguestspeovidetheirown..Giventheoccasion,though,Stadtlanderagreedtoprovideabottleofwhitewieefromowncellar,atcost,asafavor,Later,MrSmithaskedforasecondbottleandadetailedreceiptthatincludedthepriceofthrwine.HeturnedouttobeOPPDetectivePaulSmithandhiswife,anassistantwhowentasawitness.Iwasshocked,NobuyoStadtlanderrecalls.HowcouldthydothistouswhenwedidthemafavorWesoldthemourwineatourcost..ButMr.Smithsay,No.theymade20.Stadtlanderisdeterminedtoprovehisinnocenceandcontinuethebusiness.Peoplewholiveintheareahavebeenverysupportive,hesays.Andwhenthisisover,Iwantmywineback.21.Stadtlanderwasaccusedbecause________.A.beofferedtoomuchwineforaguestB.beaskedgueststobringtheirownwineC.bechargedtoomuchforthewineofferedD.besoldwisetohisguestswithoutalicense22.Inthe1980s,Stadtlander________.A.threwhisoriginalrestaurantmenuintothefineB.madehisrestaurantwellknownaroundtheworldC.soughtforaquietlifeinthecentralpartofthecityD.openedoneresyaurantafteranotherhomeandabroad.23.ITturnedoutthatMr.andMrs.Smithwere________.A.twofarmersB.twowitnesecsC.hasbendandwifeD.policeofficers24.NobuyStudtlanderclaimedthatinthewinecasetheymade________.A.1.20B.nomoneyC.100,000D.alotofmoney25.WhichofthefollowingcouldbeusedasevidenceagainstStadtlanderA.WhatStadtlanderswifesaidB.ThesecondbottleofwineC.Therecordsfromthefarmhouse.D.Areceiptwiththewineprice.PassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Arecentstudyshowsthatsixteenoutofevery100Americancouoleshaveviolentconfrontationsofonesortoranotherduringthecourseofayear.Insixofthesecasesthereisseverekicking,biting,punchingorhittingwithobjects.Almostfourofevery100wivesareseriouslybeatenbytheirhusbands.threeofevery100childrenarekickedorpunchedbytheirparents.Morethanathirdofallbrothersandsistersseverelyattackeachother.Asexpected,theincidenceofviolenceishighestamongtheurbanpoormanyofthemminoroties.bluecollarworkers,peopleunder20orwithoutreligiousbeliefs,familieswithahusbandwhoisjoblessandthosewithfourtosixchildren.Butthestudyalsoshowedthatviolenceoccursamongwealthyfamiliesaswell.Indeed,thewifeofauniversitypresidentoncequietlycalledStraus,oneofthesociologistswhoconductedthestudy,toaskwhatshecoulddoaboutherhusband,whooftenbeather.Straussuggestedseekingassistancefrommarriageadvisors.Steausandhiscolleaguesfoundoutthattherearevariousrootcausesthatgiverisetosuchbehavior.Thereasonaremixed–psychological,sociological,situational,saysStraus.Thehusband,forexample,mayfeelunderparticularstressbecausebehasbeenoutofworktoolong.Violencemayalsobeanechoofthepast,Strausexplains.WhenMummygiveshertwoyearoldaslap(巴掌)forputtingsomethingdirtyinhismouth,heislearningfrominfancythatthosewholoveyouhityou.Anotherreasonmaybetheworseningeconomicsituations.Ifwehavearealeconomosdecline,Itsgoingtogetworse,economicsituations.Ifwehavearealeconomicdeclines,itsgoingtogetworse,saysGelles,oneofStrauscolleagues.ThesesociologistshavenoeasyanswertoviolenceintheAmericanfamily.WhiletheywelcomesuchmoveastheopeningofsheltersforbeatenwivesandtheestablishmentofaNationalCenterforChildAbuseandNeglect,theybelivethattheremustbemorebasicattackonvilolence,includingthereductionofmacho(大男子主义)themesonthetelevision,theoutlawingofphysicalpunishmentinschoolsandperhapseventhewliminationofdeathsenernces.AsStrausexplains,VolenceisanacceptablesolutiontoproblemsinAmericansociety,Andthatishowitisusedinfamilies.26.WhichofthefollowingstatementsistrueA.MorethanathirdofbrothersattacksistersinAmericanfamilies.B.Almostfourpercentofhusbandsareseriouslybeatenbytheirwives.C.Sixoutofonehundredcouplesexperienceseveredomesticviolence.D.SixpercentofAmericancoupleshavesomekindofdomesticviolence.27.Theexampleconcerningauniversitypresidentswifeshowsthat_________A.domesticviolenceisfoundinwelltodofamiliesaswellB.theincidenceofviolenceishighestamongurbanfamiliesC.marriageadvisonsassistanceisthebestsolutiontoviolenceD.domesticvilenceexistsregardlessofage,race,andsocialstatus.28.WhatGellessaysshowsthat________.A.vilenceisresponsibleforthedeclineofeconomyB.violencemaybeareflectionofonespastexperienceC.violenceisrelatedtotheeconomicsituationofthetimeD.violenceisthebestformofemotionalreleaseforahusband29.Thewordoutlawinginline5ofthelastparagraphmeans________.A.makingsomethingillegalB.freeingsomeonefromprisonC.learningsomethingfromlawD.throwingsomeoneoutofcourt30.Accordingtothesociologists,itisimpossibletocurbdomesticviolenceunless________.A.moresheltersforbeatebwivesareopenedB.childrenareprotectedbyaNationalCenterC.violenceisnotacceptedasasolutiontoproblemsD.AmericansgettougherwithviolentbehaviorsPassageThreeQestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Americanscientistsaredevelopinganintelligentmabilephonecapableofblockingincomingcallsdependingontheownersmood.,UsingcontextawareTechnologytheSensayphonewillmonitorcallsandsendbackpolitemessagessayingtheusermaybecontactedlater.AresearchteamattheInstituteforComplexEngineeringSystemsatCarragieMellonUniversityinPittsburg,Pennsylvania,aredevelopingbodytemperatureandelectricalskinmonitorstohelpthedeviceunderstandtheemotionalstateofitsuser.Ifthephonesensesthattheuserisbusyforinstance,involvedinaconversationitmightblockanincomingcallandturnitontovoicemail.Thephonewouldsendbackatextmessagesayingtheuserisunavailable,butadvisingthatidthematterisurgentthecallercantryagaininthreeminutes.Ifacallfromthesamepersoncameinagain,thephonewouldputitthrough.Theresearchersareinterestedinfourbasicdifferentstatesbusyandnottobeinterrupted,physicallyactive,idle,andnormal.Mostpeoplearesaidtochangebetweenthesestates,anaverageof6to12timesaday.ProfessorAsimSmailagic,aleadingmemberoftheCarnegicMellonteam,toldTheEngineermagazine.Todayscomputersareprettydumbcomparedwiththedevice.WegottoworkatthebeginningofMayandsincethenhavebeenimprovingit.Thenextstageistomakeitsmarter,addingvariousintellingencesystemssoitcanlearnabouttheuser.Thephonealsoemploysfourprimarysensonstwomicrophonestopickupconversationsandmonitorlocalnoise.alightdetectorandanacceleromster(加速度计).Thelightsensorshowsifthephoneisbeingcarriedinabagorpocket,whiletheaccelerometerdetermineswhethertheuseriswalking,runningorstandingstill,Inthesensorbox,phoneisbeingcarriedinabagorpocket,whiletheaccelerometerdetermiteswhethertheuseriswalking,runningorstandingstill,Inthefuture,thesensorbox,phoneandpersonalorganizerwillbecombinedintoonedevice.31.Accordingtothepassage,theSensayphoneiscapableof________.A.showingbodytemperatureB.blockingunwantedcallsC.detectingtheownersmoodD.sensingthecallersmood32.Thesecondparagraphmainlytellsus________.A.wheretheintelligentphoneisdevelopedB.howthenewphoneisgoingtofunctionC.whethertheresearchersfailedintheirexperimentD.whytheresearchersfailedintheirexperiment33.AccorfingtoProfessorSmailagic,thedetectorwillshow________.A.wherethemobilephoneisB.wherethemobilephoneuserisC.whetherthemobilephoneuserisbusyD.whetherthemobilephoneiswithinreach34.theworditinline5ofparagraph4refersto________.A.thephoneB.themonitorC.thecomputerD.thelightsensor35.Thebesttitleforthispassageis________.A.HowtoTellaPersonsMoodB.HowtoBlockIncomingCallsC.SensayYourPersonalOrganizerD.SensayTheFutuerMobilePhoneⅣ.WordSpelling10pointsfortwowords将下列汉语单词译成英语,每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出,请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。36.乐意地,容易地adv.r________37.前景n.p________38.永恒的,不断的a.________39.有益的,有好处的a.b________40.进口n.i________41.预报n.f________42.元素,成分n.e________43.缩短,减少n.s________44.诚实n.h________45.有规律的a.r________46.改变,使不同v.v________47.坦率地adv.F________48.减轻,救济n.r________49.和谐,融洽n.h________50.赔偿v.c________51.有效率的a.________52.真诚的a.s________53.建设v.e________54.市长n.m________55.好奇心n.e________Ⅴ.WordForm10pointeach将括号内的各词变为适当的形式填入空白,答案写在答题纸上。56.Itwillbeinterestingtoseewhatsgoingtohappenatthenext________elect.57.Forthoseinvolved,thescandalhasbeenavery________painexperience.58.________safeneedstobeimprovedontherailwaysinthatcountry.59.Thepresentcrisisbearssome________similartotheoilerisisofthe1970s.60.Hismotherbecomesdisappointedwheneverhefailstoliveuptoher________expect.61.Beinga________highmotivatedlauguagelearner,hetakeseveryopportunitytoimprovehisEnglish.62.Ourmost________successproductisbasedonaverysimpleidea.63.localpeoplearequestioningthe________wiseofspendingsomuchmoneyonthenewroad.64.Dontworry.Thisisthe________desireweightrangeforyouhealth.65.Thisscientistwasawardedwithseveraltitlesforhis________accomplishinbiology.Ⅵ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish15points,3pointseach将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。66.尽管有困难,他们最终还是把工作完成了。67.这次会议在促进两国友谊方面起了重要作用。68.他长久以来梦想着称为一名足球运动员。69.在过去的二十年中,用于科学实验的动物数量大大减少了。70.这次英语考试比我们预想的要容易得多。Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese15points将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。Shypeoplearelikelytobepassiveandeasilyinfluencedbyother.Theyareverysensitivetcriticism.Theyalsofinditdifficulttobepleasedbypraisesbecausetheybelievetheyareunworthyofthem.AshypersonmayrespondtoapraisewithastatementlikethisYouresayingthattomakemefeelgood.Iknowitsnotme.Itisclearthat,whileselfawarenessisagoodquality.overdoingitisharmful.Canshynessbecompletelygottenridof,oratleastreducedFortunately,peoplecanovercomeshynesswithdeterminedandpatienteffortinbuildingselfconfidence.2011年4月全国自考英语二答案Ⅰ从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Youmayusebike选Bprovidedyougiveitbacktometomorrowmorning2.Hecouldnot选Bholdbackhistearsonhearingthathewasnotadmittedtotheuniversity3.Goodparentshavetheabilitytocommunicatemessagesoflove,trust,andselfworth选Cwiththeirchildren4.Theteacherrequiredthatallerrorsshouldbe选Beliminatedbeforethestudentsturnintheirtermpaper.5.Apersonisluckyifhiscareer选Ccoincideswithhisinterestandhobby.6.Outsleepinfluencesourmood.ourmood,选Ainreturn,affectsourperformance.7.Itwas选Aconsiderateofyounottodisturbuswhileweweresleeping.8.Idappreciateitverymuchifyoucouldmakesome选Cremarksonmyrecentarticleattheconference.9.Heis选Asoabsorbedinhisownthoughtsthatheseemsunawareofwhatsgoingonintheroom.10.Nosooner选ChadIreachedhomethanMichaelarrivedwithJaneinhiscar.Ⅱ下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项,根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。文章开头第一句话itisdifficulttoescapetheinfluenceoftelevision.Ifyoufitthestatisticalaverages11.选Ato12.Cafter13.Bhours14.Aspends15.Doriginal16.Awritten17.Bthat18.Drequires19.Dwho20.CeffortⅢ从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。第一篇,文章开头第一句话MichaelStadtlandersetTorontosrestaurantworldonfireinthe1980swithoriginalfood,21.Stadtlanderwasaccusedbecause选D.hesoldwinetohisguestswithoutalicense22.Inthe1980s,stadtlander选B.madehisrestaurantmenuintothefire23.ItturnedoutthatMr.andMrs.Smithwere选D.policeofficers24.NobuyoStadtlanderclaimedthatinthewinecasetheymade选B.nomoney25.WhichofthefollowingcouldbeusedasevidenceagainstStadtlander选D.Areceiptwiththewineprice第二篇,文章开头第一句话Arecentstudyshowsthatsixteenoutofevery100Americancoupleshaveviolentconfrontationsofonesortoranotherduringthe26.Whichofthefollowingstatementsistrue选C.Sixoutofonehundredcouplesexperienceseveredomesticviolence27.Theexampleconcerningauniversitypresidentswifeshowsthat选A.domesticviolenceisfoundinwelltodofamiliesaswell28.WhatGellessaysshowsthat选C.violenceisrelatedtotheeconomicsituationofthetime29.Thewordoutlawinginline5ofthelastparagraphmeans选A.makingsomethingillegal30.Accordingtothesociologists,itisimpossibletocurbdomesticviolenceunless选C.violenceisnotacceptedasasolutiontoprobblems第三篇,文章开头第一句话Americanscientistsaredevelopinganintelligentmobilephonecapableofblockingcallsdependingontheownermood31.Accordingtothepassage,theSensayphoneiscapableof选C.theownersmood32.Secondparagraphmainlytellsus选B.thenewphoneisgoingtofunctionQQ103101064833.AccordingtoprofessorSmailagic,thelightdetectorwillshow选A.wherethemobilephoneis.34.Theworditinline5ofparagraph4refersto选A.thephone35.Thebesttitleforthispassageis选D.SensayTheFutureMobilephoneⅣ.将下列汉语单词译成英语,每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出,请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。36乐意地readily37前景prospect38永恒的constant39有益的beneficial40进口import41预报forecast42元素element43缩短,减少shorten44诚实honesty45有规律的regular46改变vary47坦率的frankly48减轻relief49和谐harmony50倒塌collapse51有效率的efficient52真诚的sincere53建设construct54市长mayor55好奇心的curiosityⅤ将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白,答案写在答题纸上。56election57painful58safety59similarities60expectation61highly62successful63wisdom64desired65accomplishmentⅥ将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。66尽管有困难,他们始终还是把工作完成了。Theyfinallyfinishedthejobinspiteofthedifficulty.67这次会议在促进两国友谊方面起了重要作用。Thisconferenceplaysanimportantroleinpormotingtherelationshipbetweenthetwocountries.68他长久以来梦想着成为一名足球运动员。Hehasbeendreamingofbeingafootballplayer.69在过去的20年中,用于科学实验的动物数量大大减少了。Inthepasttwentiethcentury,thenumberofanimalsforexperimentgreatlyreduced.70这次英语考试比我们预想的要容易得多。TheEnglishtestwasmucheasierthanwehadexpected.Ⅶ将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题卡上。腼腆的人很容易被动且易受别人影响,他们对于批评很敏感,他们也发现表扬很难令他们高兴,因为他们认为他们不值得表扬。一个腼腆的人对于赞扬可能会这样去回答你那样说是为了使我高兴,我知道我并不是真的值得表扬。很明显,自知之明是一种好品质,但自谦过度也不好。能否完全克服腼腆,或至少让自己不那么腼腆,幸运的是人们能够通过努力耐心地建立自信来克服腼腆。
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