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英语学习资料(第二期)一、词汇,语法BUDGET预算,为作出安排CHARGE向收费,要价RESTLESS烦躁的,不安静的ABRUPT粗鲁的,无礼的INTERACTION交流,相互作用,相互影响LEISURE空闲,闲暇SURROUNDINGS周围的事物,环境PROBE调查,探究CONSEQUENTLY因此,所以DEVICE方法,手段,器械,装置SIGNIFICANCE重要性OBTAIN获得,得到EFFICIENT效率高的FULFILL履行,完成PRESENCE在场,出席PROMISING有前途的,有希望的SESSION一段时间GRATITUDE感激,谢意MASSIVE严重的FATIGUE使疲劳INDIFFERENT漠不关心TOSBSHIFT转移,变换ASSERT声称PASSION激情,热情BOND联系,纽带IDENTICAL完全一样的VOLUNTEER自愿NOURISH滋养。给营养OBJECTION反对,异议SPECTACULAR壮观的,引人入胜的FANCY别致的RESIST忍住,抗拒WEEP哭泣GRATEFUL感激的,感谢的NOTICEABLE显而易见的REUNION团聚SLIM苗条的DRAG抽烟STARVE使缺乏WEAKEN变弱BATTERED受虐待的SHELTER避难所语法FALLBEHIND落在后面WORKAT致力于,从事POURINTO大量投入DUETO由于NEXTTO靠近INSB’SPRESENCE有某人在场BYNOMEANS决不COUNTON依靠,指望ONONEOCCASION有一次WITHOUTFAIL必定,总是ASLONGAS假如,如果,只要BEFREETODOSTH随意做某事RIGHTAWAY立即,马上MORETHAN十分BETHANKFULFOR对心存感激PICKUP拿起,兴起BEGRATEFULFOR感激,为致谢BEDRESSEDIN穿着COUPLEDWITH加上DIEFROM死于DIRECTAT对准,针对STARVESBOFSTH使缺乏,使得不到BEWASTEDONSB被浪费在某人身上IFONLY但愿ATALOW处于低水平BEMEANTTODOSTH应该做某事READOFYFGCONLYTO不料,反而,结果却INTHELONGRUN从长远来看SENDIN派(人)去二、选词填空1JULIANSAYSHEHOPESTOGETAJOBANDFINDAWAYTOOBTAINACOLLEGEEDUCATION2THECOMPANYISCONDUCTINGASURVEYTOFINDOUTLOCALREACTIONTOTHEIRRECENTLYPROMOTEDPRODUCT3THEDISCOVERYOFTHEOILFIELDISOFGREATSIGNIFICANCETOTHEECONOMYINTHISREGION4IWOULDLIKETOFINDAJOBINANPROMISINGCOMPANYAFTERIGRADUATE5THEMOTHERCOULDN’THELPLAUGHINGATHERLITTLEBOY’SAMUSINGAPPEARANCE6THETALLMANLOWEREDHISHEADSOTHATHECOULDENTERTHEROOM7THOUGHTHEPLANDIDN’TWORKWELL,HEPERSISTEDINFOLLOWINGIT8SHOULDITBEAFAILURE,ASMANYEXPERTSPREDICT,ITWOULDRANKASONEOFTHEWORSTMANMADEDISASTERS9DON’TSWEARATOTHERSINANYSITUATIONNOMATTERHOWANGRYYOUARE10ITISREALLYUNFAIRTHATTHESHEDIDN’TGETPROMOTEDJUSTBECAUSEOFHERSKINCOLOR11SHEWASVERYGLADTOSEETHEPRESENCEOFMANYOLDFRIENDSATHERBIRTHDAYPARTY12WHYAREYOUFROWNINGALLTHETIMETRYTOLOOKHAPPY13ICANNOTTELLTHEEXACTNUMBER;APPROXIMATELY100STUDENTSWILLBEPRESENTEDWITHMEDALSASRECOGNITIONOFTHEIREXCELLENCE14THEMANAGEMENTFORBIDTHEIRWORKERSFROMACCEPTINGTIPSFROMCUSTOMERS15THEPICTUREISINDENTICALTOTHEONEINTHEMUSEUMOFMODERNARTINNEWYORK16IFYOUHAVENOOBJECTION,IWOULDLIKETOASKYOURDAUGHTERTOMARRYME17HEARINGHISCOMFORTINGWORDS,IFELTAHUGEWAVEOFWARMTHINSIDEMEANDCOULDN’THELPCRYING18AFTERTHEPARTY,THEMOTHERNEEDEDSOMEVOLUNTEERSTOHELPWITHTHEWASHINGUPINTHEKITCHEN19THEFACTORYHASNOWEARNEDALARGEAMOUNTOFFOREIGNMONEY,BECAUSETHEREHASBEENANINCREASEINOVERSEANSTRADEDURINGTHEPASTFEWYEARS20ATTHEPRESSCONFERENCEHEDECLINEDTOCOMMENTONTHECOMPANY’SDIFFICULTIESANDONLYANSWEREDQUESTIONSABOUTSUCCESSES21THEUNIVERSITYRESISTEDPRESSURETOCLOSEONEOFITSDEPARTMENTS22WEDON’TSERVEANYTHINGFANCY,JUSTPLAIN,ORDINARYFOOD23THANKSTOTHEGREATEFFORTSMADEBYTHEPOLICE,CRIMEHASBEENONTHEDECREASEINTHEPASTFEWYEARS24AFTERAWHILEASANAMBULANCEDRIVER,YOUGETHARDENEDTOWHATYOUSEEATACCIDENTS25MYSOLEOBJECTWASTOGETSHELTERFROMTHESNOW,TOGETMYSELFCOVEREDANDWARM26IFWETAKEALLTHEFACTORSINTOACCOUNT,HISCHANCESOFWINNINGTHEELECTIONWERESLIM27ITWILLONLYWEAKENHISPOSITIONIFHECONTINUESTOSTICKTOHISSTRANGEIDEAS28LITERALLYTHOUSANDSOFPEOPLEWATCHEDTHEFOOTBALLGAME29THEMOSTNOTICEABLECHANGEWASINMYYOUNGERBROTHER,WHOHADGROWNQUITEABITANDWASNOWATHIRDGRADER30IAMSUPPOSEDTOBERESTINGANDRELAXING,BUTITISJUSTAWHOLEBUNCHOFDIFFERENTTHINGSTHATHAVEHAPPENED31DAYANDNIGHTMARTINCOULDNOTDRAGHISMINDFROMTHEFAILUREHEHADSUFFERED32IWOULDBEGRATEFULIFYOUWOULDMAILTHISPACKAGEFORME33THEYOUNGMANWASHOOKEDONHEROINANDLOSHISJOBANDHISWIFE34HEISALWAYSREADYTORENDERHELPTOOTHERS,SOHEISTHEMOSTRESPECTABLEPERSONINTHENEIGHBORHOOD35HEWASAWARDEDTHENOBELPEACEPRIZEFORHISCONTRIBUTIONTOWORLDPEACE36INTERNETGAMESHAVEPROVEDVERYPOPULARWITHYOUNGPEOPLE37BILLENROLLEDINAFOURYEARTEACHERTRAININGPROGRAM38WITHFOREIGNERSANDTOURISTSCOMINGFROMALLOVERTHEWORLD,NEWYORKISONEOFTHEMOSTCULTURALLYDIVERSECITIESINTHEWORLD39BYTHELATE1950S,SCIENTISTSHADALREADYACCUMULATEDENOUGHINFORMATIONTOSHOWACLEARLINKBETWEENSMOKINGANDCANCER40ATINYBABYSOONLEARNSTODISTINGUISHITSMOTHER’SFACEFROMOTHERADULTS’FACES41HOWPUZZLINGTHEMALESTUDENTWHOSELDOMATTENDSCLASSHASGOTTHEHIGHESTMARKTHISTIME42ITISVERYIMPORTANTTOCONFINEYOURSPEECHTOTHESUBJECT三、完型填空LOVEISIMPORTANTBECAUSEWITHOUTITLIFEHASNOMEANINGORPURPOSELOVEALLOWSUSTODOMORETHANWECOULD1EVERACCOMPLISHWITHOUTITSPOWERSOOFTENWETAKEGOODCAREOFOUR2PHYSICALNEEDSWEMAKESUREOURBODIESAREFED,CLEANED,CLOTHED,EXERCISEDANDRESTEDHOWEVER,WETENDTO3OVERLOOKTHEMOSTIMPORTANTNEEDLOVEOFCOURSE,ASASOCIETY,LOVEISNOTOVERLOOKEDPOPULARMEDIACONSTANTLYPLACESGREATEMPHASIS4ONWHATWENEEDTODOTOATTRACT“LOVE”5BUTBEINGLOVEDISNOTASPOWERFULANEMOTIONALNEEDASTHATDESIRETOLOVESOMEONEELSETHENEEDTOLOVEAND6CAREFOROTHERSISBUILTINTOUSBIOLOGICALLYTHISNEEDIS7WHATALLOWSPARENTSTOGIVEUPSLEEPANDFOODWHILERAISINGTHEIRCHILDRENTHISNEEDISWHATALLOWSPEOPLETOPUTTHEMSELVES8ATRISKTOSAVEOTHERSFROMNATURAL9DISASTERSORTHREATSLOVEMEANSTOCHERISH,HOLDDEAR,ANDTREASUREWEDONOTHURT,HARM,ORCAUSEPAINTOTHOSEWELOVE;RATHER,WESEEKTO10ALLEVIATETHEIRSUFFERINGIT’SNOTABOUTWANTINGTOPOSSESSORCONTROLOTHERS;IT’SABOUTWANTINGTOSETTHEMFREELOVEISTHEPOWER11THATALLOWSTHEWHEELOFLIFETOCONTINUETURNING,FORWHENWELOVEWELOOK12BEYONDOUROWNNEEDSANDDESIRESWE13SACRIFICEOURTIME,OURENERGY,OURWISHES,ANDSOMETIMESEVENOURSELVESBECAUSEOFLOVEITISLOVETHATALLOWSEMERGENCYSERVICESPERSONNELTOFACEDANGERITISLOVETHATALLOWSSOLDIERSTO14RISKEVERYTHINGTHEULTIMATEDEFINITIONOFLOVEISNOTABOUTFEELINGGOOD15BUTRATHERABOUTDOINGGOOD1BEVER2CPHYSICAL3AOVERLOOK4DON5BBUT6ACAREFOR7DWHAT8DATRISK9CDISASTERS10AALLEVIATE11ATHAT12BBEYOND13DSACRIFICE14CRISK15CBUTRATHER四、中、汉译1、这个星期你每天都迟到,对此你怎么解释(ACCOUNTFOR)HOWDOYOUACCOUNTFORTHEFACTTHATYOUHAVEBEENLATEEVERYDAYTHISWEEK2、他们利润增长的部分原因是采用了新的市场策略。(DUETO)THEINCREASEINTHEIRPROFITSISDUEPARTYTOTHEIRNEWMARKETSTRATEGY3、我们已经在这个项目上投入了大量时间和精力,所以我们只能继续。(POURINTO)WEHAVEALREADYPOUREDALOTOFTIMEANDENERGYINTOTOPROJECT,SOWEHAVETOCARRYON4、坐在他旁边的那个人确实发表过一些小说,但决不是什么大作家。(NEXTTO;BYNOMEANS)THEPERSONSITTINGNEXTTOHIMDIDPUBLISHSOMENOVELS,BUTHEISBYNOMEANSAGREATWRITER5、这是他第一次当着那么多观众演讲。(INTHEPRESENCEOFSB)THISISTHEFIRSTTIMETHATHEHASMADEASPEECHINTHEPRESENCEOFLARGEANAUDIENCE6、有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎(USE“IT”ASTHEFORMALSUBJECT)ITISAGREATPLEASURETOMEETFRIENDSFROMAFAR7、你必须明天上午十点之前把那笔钱还给我。(WITHOUTFAIL)YOUMUSTLETMEHAVETHEMONEYBACKWITHOUTFAILBYTENO’CLOCKTOMORROWMORNING8、光线不足,加上地面潮湿,使得驾驶十分困难。(COUPLEDWITH)THEBADLIGHT,COUPLEDWITHTHENETGROUND,MADEDRIVINGVERYDIFFICULT9、要是我没说那些愚蠢的该多好那时我太年轻,不能明辨是非。(IFONLY;DISTINGUISHRIGHTFROMWRONG)IFONLYIHADN’TSAIDTHOSESILLYWORDSIWASTOOYOUNGTHENTODISTINGUISHRIGHTFROMWRONG英译汉1、AMERICANSBELIEVENOONESTANDSSTILLIFYOUARENOTMOVINGAHEAD,YOUAREFALLINGBEHIND美国人认为没有人能停止不前。如果你不求进取,你就会落伍。THISATTITUDERESULTSINANATIONOFPEOPLECOMMITTEDTORESEARCHING,EXPERIMENTINGANDEXPLORING这种态度造就了一个投身于研究、实验和探索的民族。TIMEISONEOFTHETWOELEMENTSTHATAMERICANSSAVECAREFULLY,THEOTHERBEINGLABOR时间是美国人注意节约的两个要素之一,另一要素是劳动力。2、THEREISAQUOTATIONFROMABATTEREDWOMEN’SSHELTERTHATIESPECIALLYLIKE”PEACEONEARTHBEGINSATHOME”我特别喜欢一条写在受虐妇女收容所里的语录“人间和平,始于家庭。”IBELIEVEEVERYTHINGDOESITHINKOFAQUOTATIONFORPEOPLETRYINGTOSTOPSMOKING”EVERYHOMEISANOSMOKINGZONE”我认为世上所有的东西都是如此。我还想起了另一条写给那些想戒烟的人们的语录“每个家庭都应该都是禁烟区。”SMOKINGISAFORMOFSELFBATTERINGTHATALSOBATTERSTHOSEWHOMUSTSITBY,OCCASIONALLYJOKEORCOMPLAIN,ANDHELPLESSLYWATCH抽烟是一种自我毁灭,而且也毁灭着那些不得不坐在你身边的人。那些人偶尔也会取笑或报怨你抽烟,可常常只能无可奈何地坐在一边看。IREALIZENOWTHATASACHILDISATBY,THROUGHTHEYEARS,ANDLITERALLYWATCHEDMYFATHERKILLHIMSELFSURELYONESUCHVICTORYINMYFAMILY,FORTHEPROSPEROUSLEADERSWHOOWNTHETOBACCOCOMPANIES,ISENOUGH我现在意识到,从我还是个孩子起,这些年来我实际上是一直坐在旁边,看着父亲自杀。对那些生意兴隆的烟草公司的巨头们来说,能在我家取得这样一种胜利,肯定是够满意了。五、阅读理解
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