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自考英语试题和答案(发布时间2007713101600来自)自考英语试题和答案PARTONEⅠ.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeachitem从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Itistimenowtolearn________toprotectouratmosphere,theroofovertheworldofman.A.whatB.whichC.howD.that2.Associationrefers________takingthematerialwewanttorememberandrelatingittosomethingwerememberaccurately.A.inB.toC.upD.by3.Tomatoes________loveapplesandweresupposedtomakepeople________atethemfallinlove.A.calledwhoB.werecalledwhoC.calledwhomD.werecalledwhom4.ThedoctoradvisedthatJim________downforarest.A.lieB.liesC.layD.lain5.________alittleearlier,Iwouldhavecaughtthetrain.A.DidIleaveB.WouldIleaveC.HadIleftD.HaveIleft6.Whenwecallawordpopular,wedonotmeanthatitisafavoriteword,________simplythatitbelongstothepeopleasawhole,thatis,itiseverybodysword.A.soB.sinceC.forD.but7.Iwouldratheryou________swimmingnow.A.wentB.goC.togoD.going8.Hisillnessaccounts________hisabsencefromclass.A.toB.forC.overD.after9.Themorewordsyouarefamiliarwith,thelessyouareawareofreadingwordsand________youareawareofcontentandmeaning.A.moreB.lessC.themoreD.theless10.Almost20ofallAmericanfamilies________singleparentfamilies,andin85ofthesefamiliesthesingleparent________themother.A.areisB.areareC.isareD.isisⅡ.ClozeTest10points,1pointforeachitem下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。ManychildrenactinTVshows.Theyworkseveralhourseveryday,sotheycannotgotoregularschool.Howdotheyget11InHollywood,wheremanyTVshowsaremade,aboutfortyteachersgivelessonsfor12intheshows.Theyteachwherevertheirpupilsareworking.Theteachers13isveryimportant.Sheisresponsibleformakingsurethatthechildworksonlythepermittedhourseachweek.Sheisalsoresponsibleformakingsurethatthechildlearnsthe14subjects.Shemakessure,too,thatthechildgetsenough15andplay,alongwithhiseducation.Childactorsarerequiredto16classestwentyhourseachweek.CalifornialawsaysthattheymustbetaughtfromSeptembertothemiddleofJune.Iftheydonotgetgood17inschool,theyarenotpermittedtocontinueworkinginTVshows.TVchildrenareusuallygood18,andmostoftheirteacherslikethisspecialkindofwork.Theirclassesareheldinmany19places.Sometimesthe20isaMississippiriverboat.Sometimesitistheinsideofaspaceship.Oftenthepupilsbecomefamousstars.11.A.aschoolB.anhonorC.aneducationD.ajob12.A.workersB.charactersC.studentsD.children13.A.jobB.attitudeC.worryD.emotion14.A.interestingB.requiredC.easyD.difficult15.A.foodB.clothesC.workD.rest16.A.gotoB.attendC.learnD.keepup17.A.marksB.remarksC.awardsD.rewards18.A.boysB.actorsC.girlsD.pupils19.A.dangerousB.interestingC.safeD.lonely20.A.homeB.houseC.classroomD.stageⅢ.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeachitem从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的答案涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Thecommunicationprocessbeginswiththeformulationofanideaortheselectionofinformationbyitssender.Thesenderthenencodestheideaintosymbols,therebycreatingamessage,whichissubsequentlytransmitted传送throughoneormorechannelse.g.,speaking,writing,orelectronicmedia.Itisatthispointthatthereceiverdecodes解码andattachesmeaningtothemessage.Ifeffectivecommunicationhasoccurred,thereceiverwillunderstandtheideaandinformationasthesenderintended.Unfortunately,thepotentialforphysicalandperceptualnoise,whichcandistorttheintendedmessageofthesender,ispresentateverystageoftheprocess.Fortunately,noisecanbeovercomethrougheffectivefeedback反馈,aresponsefromthesenderthatallowsmisunderstandingstobeidentifiedandresolved.Twowaycommunicationcommunicationthatallowsfeedbackisalmostalwaysmoreeffectivethanonewaycommunication.Eachofthestepsinthecommunicationprocesshaspotentialproblemsthatcanimpede妨碍effectivecommunication.Duringencoding,theprimarydifficultyusuallyresultsfromthenatureofsymbolsandthesemantic语义variationintheirmeanings.Inadditiontothesedistortions,thesendermustalsobeawareofnonverbalmessagesthatmightdistortthemessage.Thisawarenessisimportantbecauseresearchhasshownthatnonverbalmessagesaregivengreaterweightbythereceiverwhendecodingandattachingmeaningtothemessage.Theeffectivenessofencodingwillbeincreasedifthesenderdevelopsempathy感情移入forthereceiverandisawareofhisorherownfeelingsandemotions.Thekeytoeffectivetransmissionofthemessageischoosingthemostappropriatechannelorchannelsofmediaforthesituation.21.Thebesttitleforthepassageis________.A.CommunicationProcessB.CommunicationC.EffectiveCommunicationD.TransmissionofMessages22.Twowaycommunicationismoreeffectivethanonewaycommunicationbecause________.A.itallowsfeedbackB.itcandistorttheintendedmessageofthesenderC.thesenderisawareofthenonverbalmessagesthatmightdistortthemessageD.noneoftheabove23.Unlessthereceiverunderstandtheideaandinformationasthesenderintended,________.A.effectivecommunicationcanbeachievedB.effectivecommunicationcannotbeachievedC.thecommunicationprocesswillnotendD.bothBandC24.Problemsthatmightimpedeeffectivecommunicationarecausedby________.A.thenatureofsymbolB.thesemanticvariationintheirmeaningsC.nonverbalmessagesD.alloftheabove25.WhichofthefollowingiscriticaltoeffectivecommunicationA.Creatingamessage.B.Developingempathyforthereceiver.C.Overcomingnoisethrougheffectivefeedback.D.Choosingthemostappropriatechannelorchannelsofmedia.PassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Scientistsclaimthatairpollutioncausesadeclineintheworldsaverageairtemperature.Inordertoprovethattheory,ecologistshaveturnedtohistoricaldatainrelationtoespeciallyhugevolcaniceruptions.Theysuspectthatvolcanoesaffectweatherchangethataresimilartoairpolluiton.OnesourceofinformationistheeffectoftheeruptionofTambora,avolcanoinSumbawa,theDutchEastIndias,inApril1815.Thelargestrecordedvolcaniceruption,Tamborathrew150milliontonsoffineashintothestratosphere平流层.Theashfromavolcanospreadsworldwideinafewdaysandremainsintheairforyears.Itseffectistoturnincomingsolarradiationintospaceandthuscooltheearth.Forexample,recordsofweatherinEnglandshowthatbetweenAprilandNovember1815,theaveragetemperaturehadfallen4.5.Duringthenexttwentyfourmonths,Englandsufferedoneofthecoldestperiodsofitshistory.FarmersrecordsfromApril1815toDecember1818indicatefrostthroughoutthespringandsummerandsharpdecreasesincropandlivestockmarkets.Sincetherewasatimelag滞后ofseveralyearsbetweencauseandeffect,bythetimetheworldagriculturalcommoditycommunityhaddeteriorated,noonerealizedthecause.Ecologiststodaywarnthatwefaceatwofoldmenace.Theeverpresentpossibilityofvolcaniceruptions,suchasthatofMr.St.HelensinWashington,addedtomanspollutionoftheatmospherewithoil,gas,coal,andotherpollutingsubstances,maybringusincreasinglycolderweather.26.Itisbelievedthattheearthgetscolderwhen________.A.volcanoeseruptB.theairispollutedbymodernmanC.theraysofthesunareturnedintospaceD.alloftheabove27.TheeffectsofTamboraseruptionwere________.A.feltmainlyintheDutchEastIndiasB.ofseveraldaysdurationworldwideC.evidenceofpollutionscoolingtheearthD.immediatelyevidenttotheworldsscientists28.ThecauseofcoldweatherinEnglandfrom1815to1818was________.A.decreasedcropandlivestockproductionB.volcanicashintheatmosphereC.pollutioncausedbytheIndustrialRevolutionD.itsproximitytotheNorthsea29.Noonerealizedthecauseofthedeteriorationoftheworldagriculturalcommoditymarketbecause________.A.therewasalongdelaybetweencauseandeffectB.theweatherisbeyondourcomprehensionC.weatherforecastswereinaccurateD.ecologistsdidntexistuntilmoderntimes30.If,assomescientistspredict,theworldendsinice,whatmightbethecauseA.Modernmanspollutionoftheair.B.Volcaniceruptions.C.Obliteration破坏ofsolarradiation.D.Alloftheabove.PassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Thegreatadvanceinrockettheory40yearsagoshowedthatliquidfuelrocketswerefarsuperiorineveryrespecttotheskyrocketwithitsweaksolidfuel,theonlykindofrocketthenknown.However,duringthelastdecade,largesolidfuelrocketswithsolidfuelsaboutaspowerfulasliquidfuelshavemadetheirappearance,anditisafavoritelaymans外行questiontoinquirewhichoneisbetter.Thequestionismeaninglessonemightaswellaskwhetheragasolineoradieselengineisbetter.Italldependsonthepurpose.Aliquidfuelrocketiscomplicated,buthastheadvantagethatitcanbecontrolledbeautifully.Theburningoftherocketenginecanbestoppedcompletelyitcanbereignited重新点火whendesired.Inaddition,thethrustcanbemadetovarybyadjustingthespeedofthefuelpumps.Asolidfuelrocket,ontheotherhand,israthersimpleinconstruction,thoughhardtobuildwhenareallylargesizeisdesired.Butonceyouhaveasolidfuelrocket,itisreadyforactionatveryshortnotice.Aliquidfuelrockethastobefueledfirstandcannotbeheldinreadinessforverylongafterithasbeenfueled.However,onceasolidfuelrockethasbeenignited,itwillkeepbuming.Itcannotbestoppedandreignitedwheneverdesireditcouldconceivablybestoppedandreignitedafteraprecalculatedtimeofburninghaselapsedanditsthrustcannotbevaried.Becauseasolidfuelrocketcanbekeptreadyforalongtime,mostmilitarymissilesemploysolidfuels,butmannedspaceflightneedsthefineadjustmentsthatcanonlybeprovidedbyliquidfuels.Itmaybeaddedthataliquidfuelrocketisanexpensivedevicealargesolidfuelrocketis,bycomparison,cheap.Butthesolidfuel,poundperpound,costsabout10timesasmuchastheliquidfuel.Soyouhave,ontheonehand,anexpensiverocketwithacheapfuelandontheotherhandacomparativelycheaprocketwithanexpensivefuel.31.Theauthorfeelsthatacomparisonofliquidandsolidfuelrocketsshowsthat________.A.neithertypeisveryeconomicalB.theliquidfuelrocketisbestC.eachtypehascertainadvantagesD.thesolidfuelrocketisbest32.Themostimportantconsiderationformannedspaceflightisthattherocketbe________.A.inexpensivetoconstructB.capableofliftingheavyspacecraftintoorbitC.easilycontrolledD.inexpensivetooperate33.Solidfuelrocketsareexpensivetooperatebecauseoftheir________.A.sizeB.burningtimeC.fuelD.complicatedengines34.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisnotcharacteristicofliquidfuelrocketsA.Thefuelischeap.B.Theyarecheaptobuild.C.Theycanbestoppedandreignited.D.Theymustbeusedsoonafterfueling.35.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisapossibledisadvantageofsolidfuelrocketsA.Theyarecomplicated.B.Theyareuneasilyadjusted.C.Theyareexpensivetoconstruct.D.Theycannotbereadyforactionwithlittletimeforpreparation.PARTTWOⅣ.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwoitems将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。36.逻辑上的,符合逻辑的a.l____________37.诊断判断,断定v.d______________38.模仿,仿效v.i____________39.挑战向挑战n./v.c________________40.陈述,声明n.s________________41.纪录,注册,登记v.r______________42.恐慌,惊慌n./v.p________43.存在生存n.e________________44.颤抖,抖动v.t____________45.听众,观众,读者n.a______________46.牺牲者,受害者n.v__________47.神经紧张的a.n____________48.设计预定n/v.d__________49.海外的,国外的a.o______________50.暗示,含有的意思v.i________51.抗议,反对v.p____________52.容量,容积能力n.c______________53.稳定的,不变的a.s__________54.反射,反映v.r____________55.文学,文学作品n.l__________________Ⅴ.WordForm(10points,1pointforeachitem)将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。56.Butforthestorm,we________arriveearlier.57.Whenitcomesto________respecttherightsofamassofanonymousindividuals,wemightnotbesoresponsible.58.Shedidnotstop________readuntilitbecamedark.59.He________liveinEnglandforfiveyearsbeforehewenttotheUnitedStates.60.BynextJunethey________finishwritingthenovel.61.Thesooneryouleavehere,________good.62.Mysuggestionisthatatradedelegation________sendtotheEuropeanUnion.63.Icantfindmybag.It________must,steal.64.How________getenoughcapitalisstillaquestion.65.Shecomplainedof________payasmalleramountofmoneyfordoingthesameworkasothers.Ⅵ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish(15points,3pointsforeachitem)将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。66.不是我不想见你,而是我没有时间。67.患难朋友才是真正的朋友。68.归根结底,我反对这个建议。69.他和我一样都搬不起那张桌子。70.我们必须正视现实。Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese(15points).将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。Inordertolearnaforeignlanguagewell,itisnecessarytoovercomefearofmakingmistakes.Iftheprimarygoaloflanguageuseiscommunication,thenmistakesaresecondaryconsiderationsthatmaybedealtwithgraduallyasawarenessofthosemistakesincreases.Ontheotherhand,studentsshouldnotignoretheirmistakes.Thelanguagelearnermayobservehownativespeakersexpressthemselves,andhownativeexpressionsdifferfromthewaythelearnermightsaythem.Forexample,aSpanishspeakerwhohasbeensayingIdoittoexpresswillingnesstodosomethingintheimmediatefuture,could,byinteracting交际withnativespeakersofEnglish,observethatnativespeakersactuallysayIlldoit.Theresultingdiscrepancy差异canserveasabasisforthestudenttomodifyhiswayofusingthepresenttenseinEnglish.Butastudentwhoisunwillingtointeractinthefirstplacewouldlosethisopportunitytolearnbytrialanderror.参考答案Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeachitem1.C2.B3.B4.A5.C6.D7.A8.B9.C10.AⅡ.ClozeTest10points,1pointforeachitem11.C12.D13.A14.B15.D16.B17.A18.D19.B20.CⅢ.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeachitem21.C22.A23.B24.D25.D26.D27.C28.B29.A30.D31.C32.C33.C34.B35.BⅣ.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwoitems36.logical37.diagnose38.imitate39.challenge40.statement41.register42.panic43.existence44.tremble45.audience46.victim47.nervous48.design49.overseas50.imply51.protest52.capacity53.steady54.reflect55.literatureⅤ.WordForm10points,1pointforeachitem56.shouldhavearrived57.respecting58.reading59.hadlived60.willhave
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