2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(十六)(附详解).doc.doc2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(十六)(附详解).doc.doc

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WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(十六)(1)WITHINFIFTEENYEARSBRITAINANDOTHERNATIONSSHOULDBEWELLONWITHTHEBUILDINGOFHUGEINDUSTRIALCOMPLEXES结合FORTHERECYCLINGOFWASTETHEWORDRUBBISHCOULDLOSEITSMEANINGBECAUSEEVERYTHINGTHATGOESINTOTHEDUMPSWOULDBEMADEINTOSOMETHINGUSEFULEVENTHEMOSTDANGEROUSANDUNPLEASANTWASTESWOULDPROVIDEENERGYIFNOTHINGELSETHELATESTPROJECTISTOTAKEACITYOFAROUNDHALFAMILLIONINHABITANTSANDDISCOVEREXACTLYWHATRAWMATERIALSGOINTOITANDWHATGOOUTTHEAIMISTOFINDOUTHOWMUCHOFTHESERAWMATERIALSCOULDBEPROVIDEDIFAPLANTFORRECYCLINGWASTEWEREBUILTJUSTOUTSIDETHECITYTHISPLANTWOULDRECYCLENOTONLYMETALSUCHASSTEEL,LEADANDCOPPER,BUTALSOPAPERANDRUBBERANOTHERNEWPROJECTISBEINGSETUPTODISCOVERTHEBESTWAYSOFSORTINGANDSEPARATINGTHERUBBISHWHENTHISPROJECTISCOMPLETE,THERUBBISHWILLBEPROCESSEDLIKETHISFIRST,ITWILLPASSTHROUGHSHARPMETALBARSWHICHWILLTEAROPENTHEPLASTICBAGSINWHICHRUBBISHISUSUALLYPACKED;THENITWILLPASSTHROUGHAPOWERFULFANTOSEPARATETHELIGHTESTELEMENTSFROMTHEHEAVYSOLIDS;AFTERTHATGROUNDERSANDROLLERSBREAKUPEVERYTHINGTHATCANBEBROKENFINALLYTHERUBBISHWILLPASSUNDERMAGNETS,WHICHWILLREMOVETHEBITSOFIRONANDSTEEL;THERUBBERANDPLASTICWILLTHENBESORTEDOUTINTHEFINALSTAGETHEFIRSTFULLSCALEGIANTRECYCLINGPLANTSARE,PERHAPS,FIFTEENYEARSAWAYINDEED,WITHTHEGROWINGCOSTOFTRANSPORTINGRUBBISHTOMOREDISTANTDUMPS,SOMEBIGCITIESWILLBEFORCEDTOBUILDTHEIROWNRECYCLINGPLANTSBEFORELONG1THEMAINPURPOSEOFTHEPASSAGEIS________ATOSHOWUSAFUTUREWAYOFRECYCLINGWASTESBTOTELLTHEIMPORTANCEOFRECYCLINGWASTESCTOWARNPEOPLETHEDANGEROFSOMEWASTESDTOINTRODUCEANEWRECYCLINGPLANT2HOWMANYSTAGESARETHEREINTHERECYCLINGPROCESSA3B4C5D63WHATISTHEMAINREASONFORBIGCITIESTOBUILDTHEIROWNRECYCLINGPLANTSATODEALWITHWASTESINABETTERWAYBIT’SAGOODWAYTOGAINPROFITSCIT’SMOREECONOMICALTHANTODUMPWASTESINSOMEDISTANTPLACESDENERGYCANBEGOTATALOWERPRICE高考资源网WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载4THEFIRSTFULLSCALEHUGERECYCLINGPLANTS________AHAVEBEENINEXISTENCEFOR15YEARSBTAKES15YEARSTOBUILDCCAN’TBEBUILTUNTIL15YEARSLATERDWILLREMAINFUNCTIONINGFOR15YEARS2LAND,UNLIKELABORANDCAPITAL,HASASPECIALFEATUREITISINSTRICTLYFIXEDSUPPLYINTOTALBECAUSEOFTHIS,WESAYTHATITSPRICEISDEMANDDETERMINEDINOTHERWORDS,THEPRICEOFLANDISDETERMINEDCOMPLETELYBYWHATFAMILIESANDFIRMSAREWILLINGTOPAYFORITBUTNOTALLTHELANDISTHESAMESOMELANDISMOREVALUABLETHANOTHERLANDTHEVALUEOFLANDTOAPOTENTIALUSERMAYDEPENDUPONTHECHARACTERISTICSOFTHELANDITSELFORUPONITSLOCATIONCONSIDERTHEPOTENTIALUSESOFAPIECEOFLANDINASUBURBOFKANSASCITY,ALLANWANTSTOBUILDACLOTHINGSTOREINTHATPLACEHEESTIMATESTHATHECANEARNECONOMICPROFITSOF10,000PERYEARTHEREBECAUSEOFTHELAND’SEXCELLENTLOCATIONBELLA,ANOTHERPERSONINTERESTEDINBUYINGTHECOMER,BELIEVESTHATSHECANEARN35,000INECONOMICPROFITSIFSHEBUILDSADRUGSTORETHERECLEARLY,BELLAWILLBEMORELIKELYTOGETTHELANDBECAUSELOCATIONISOFTENTHEKEYTOPROFITS,‘LANDOWNERSAREFREQUENTLYABLETOSQUEEZETHEIRRENTERSONEOFTHEMOSTPOPULARLOCATIONSINTHEBOSTONAREA,FOREXAMPLE,ISHARVARDSQUARETHEREAREDOZENSOFRESTAURANTSINANDAROUNDTHESQUARE,ANDMOSTOFTHEMAREFULLMOSTOFTHETIMEDESPITETHISSEEMINGSUCCESS,MOSTHARVARDSQUARERESTAURANTOWNERSARENOTGETTINGRICH,BECAUSETHEYMUSTPAYVERYHIGHRENTSFORTHELOCATIONSOFTHEIRRESTAURANTSALARGEPARTOFTHERESTAURANT’SREVENUESGOESTORENTTHELAND高考资源网ALTHOUGHTHESUPPLYOFLANDISGENERALLYPERFECTLYFIXED,THESUPPLYOFLANDINAGIVENUSEMAYNOTBESOASTHEPOPULATIONOFACITYGROWS,HOUSINGDEVELOPERSFINDTHEMSELVESWILLINGTOPAYMOREANDMOREFORLANDASLANDBECOMESMOREVALUABLEFORDEVELOPMENT,SOMEFARMERSSELLOUT,ANDTHESUPPLYOFLANDTHATCANBEUSEDFORDEVELOPMENTINCREASES5WHAT’STHEDIFFERENCEBETWEENLANDANDOTHERRESOURCESALAND’SSUPPLYISSTRICTLYFIXEDBTHEPRICESOFOTHERRESOURCESARELOWERCLANDCAN’TBEUSEDUPDLANDISMOREUSEFUL6WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGCAN’TDETERMINETHEPRICEOFAPIECEOFLANDAITSLOCATIONBITSPURCHASERS’PURPOSEWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载CTHETOTALAMOUNTOFITSSUPPLYFORGENERALUSEDITSFEATURES7WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISWRONGACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGEATHEPRICEOFAPIECEOFLANDISCHANGEABLEBTHEPROFITOFASHOPISOFTENDETERMINEDBYITSLOCATIONCMOSTHARVARDSQUARERESTAURANTOWNERSWOULDBEGETTINGRICH,IFTHEYPAIDLOWERRENTSFORTHELOCATIONSOFTHEIRRESTAURANTSDTHESUPPLYOFLANDFORDEVELOPMENTMIGHTFALLDOWN8WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGCANBETHEBESTTITLEOFTHEPASSAGEATHEUSEOFLANDBTHENATURALRESOURCESCTHELANDMARKETDTHELANDDEVELOPMENT(3)HALFOFALLBOSSESSAYALACKOFSLEEPMAKESTHEMIRRITABLE易怒的ANDPRONETO有倾向的SHOUTATTHEIRSTAFF,ASTUDYSAIDONEINFIVEMANAGERSALSOSAIDBEINGKEPTAWAKEATNIGHTMEANTTHEYWEREMORELIKELYTOMAKEMISTAKES,THEMORIPOLLOF1,006PEOPLEREVEALED显示SOME48OFPEOPLEAGED35TO44SAIDTHEYDIDNOTGETENOUGHSLEEPCOMPAREDTOANATIONALAVERAGE39AMONGTHATAGEGROUP,PEOPLEWITHYOUNGCHILDRENANDMANAGERIAL管理的JOBSWEREMOSTLIKELYTOSUFFER高考资源网THEREPORT,COMMISSIONED委托BYTHETHINKTANKDEMOSANDIKEA,SAIDTHEISSUEOFSLEEPHADBEENFORGOTTENINTHEWORK/LIFEBALANCEDEBATEREPORTAUTHORCHARLESLEADBEATERSAID,ONANYWORKINGDAY,AQUARTEROFALLMANAGERSINBRITAINARELIKELYTOBEINABADMOODBECAUSETHEYHAVENOTSLEPTWELLTHESESLEEPDEPRIVEDANDSHOUTYMANAGERSWITHATENDENCYTOMAKEMISTAKESARERESPONSIBLEFORMILLIONSOFBRITISHWORKERSIT’SHARDLYARECIPEFORGOODMANAGEMENTANDMRLEADBEATERCALLEDONTHEGOVERNMENTANDEMPLOYERSTOTAKEACTIONASMALLLOSSOFSLEEPISLIKELYTOHAVEABIGIMPACTONPEOPLEWHOLEADSTRESSFULLIVESSTRESSEDOUTPARENTSAREALREADYNOTSLEEPINGENOUGHTHEYARETHEPEOPLEMOSTLIKELYTOHAVETHEIRSLEEPDISRUPTEDANDTHEYARELEASTABLETORECOVERWWWKS5UCOMWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载APARTFROMCHILDRENKEEPINGTHEIRPARENTSAWAKE,WORRYINGABOUTWORKISTHEBIGGESTCAUSEOFWAKEFULNESSATNIGHTAMONGMANAGERSWOMENAREFIVETIMESMORELIKELYTHANMENTOLOSESLEEPBECAUSETHEIRPARTNERSSNORE打呼噜THEREPORTPREDICTEDTHATTHEREWASLIKELYTOBEAGROWINGMARKETOFSLEEPDEPRIVEDPEOPLE,WITHANINCREASEINPUBLICNAPPINGOPPORTUNITIESTOTAKEANAPATWORKAREALSOLIKELYTOINCREASE,ANDTHEREPORTRECOMMENDEDTHATEMPLOYERSTAKETHEIRRESPONSIBILITYFORENSURINGEMPLOYEESWEREWELLSLEPTMORESERIOUSLYPETERJELKEBY,MARKETINGMANAGERATIKEA,SAIDTHERESEARCHCONFIRMEDSUSPICIONSBRITONSWERENOTGETTINGENOUGHSLEEPWWWKS5UCOMANDHEADDEDTHISISHAVINGADETRIMENTALEFFECTONOURSOCIETYASAWHOLE9WHICHOFFOLLOWINGISTRUEACCORDINGTOTHETEXTAHALFOFTHEPEOPLESAYALACKOFSLEEPMAKESTHEMIRRITABLEB20MANAGERSSAIDBEINGKEPTAWAKEATNIGHTMEANTTHEYWEREMORELIKELYTOMAKEMISTAKESCSOME48OFPEOPLESAIDTHEYDIDNOTGETENOUGHSLEEPDPEOPLEWITHYOUNGCHILDRENANDMANAGERIALJOBSWEREMOSTLIKELYTOSUFFER10WHATDOESTHEUNDERLINEDWORDDETRIMENTALMEANA良好的B有害的C片面的D致命的11WHOTHATSUFFEREDSLEEPDISRUPTEDARELEASTABLETORECOVERATHEBOSSESBMANAGERSCPEOPLEAGED35TO44DSTRESSEDOUTPARENTS12APARTFROMCHILDRENKEEPINGTHEIRPARENTSAWAKE,________ISTHEBIGGESTCAUSEOFWAKEFULNESSATNIGHTAMONGMANAGERSAWORRYINGABOUTWORKBTHEIRPARTNERS’SNORINGCTHERELATIONSHIPDWORKINGCONDITIONSWWWKS5UCOMWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载【答案与解析】1A推理题。从第一段的WITHINFIFTEENYEARS以及下面两段所描述的为将来的处理工厂所做的两项工程可知。2B推断题。本题的答案在第三段,只要把握作者叙述的FIRSTTHENAFTERTHATFINALLY即可推出。3C细节题。由最后一句可知。4C细节题。由最后一段THEFIRSTFULLSCALEGIANTRECYCLINGPLANTSARE,PERHAPS,FIFTEENYEARSAWAY可知。WWWKS5UCOM5A细节题。由第一句ITISINSTRICTLYFIXEDSUPPLY可知。6D细节题。根据文章第一段最后一句排除A和C;根据第二段的例子比较排除B。7D细节题。由最后一句可知。8C主旨题。由第一段第句LAND,UNLIKELABORANDCAPITAL,HASASPECIALFEATURE及全文对土地价格的讨论可知,答案选C。9B细节题。由第一句HALFOFALLBOSSESSAY一半的老板而不是一半的人们,排除A;第三段中48%的年龄在3544的人,而不是48%的人,排除C;D缺少条件AMONGTHATAGEGROUP;由第二段ONEINFIVEMANAGERALSOSAIDBEINGKEPTAWAKE可知答案为B项。10B词义题。文章整体意思是睡眠不足对社会造成了不利影响,由此推测DETRIMENTAL意为“不良的,有害的”。11D细节题。第十段,“过度操劳的父母们已经得不到充足的睡眠了。他们的睡眠最容易被打扰,他们也最不容易从中恢复。”12A细节题。由倒数第六段可知除了孩子的影响外,对工作的担忧是管理工作者们夜间失眠的最主要原因。
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